Sunday, 7 December 2008

Paradisical wings

Descriptions of wings (in order of appearance) in "Paradise Lost"

mighty wings
expanded wings
russling wings
indefatigable wings
swift wings
extended wings
lighter wings
spread wings
wearied wings
odoriferous wings
purple wings
gorgeous wings
Starrie wings
brooding wings
painted wings
white wings
Angel wings
breeding wings
black wings

Sunday, 23 November 2008

The 26 brightest stars

A list of the common names of the 26 brightest stars. For more details about the stars, see the web page here

Rigil Kentaurus

Monday, 17 November 2008

Names of printing towns

A list of the Latin names of printing towns beginning with "B" as found in early printed books (before 1701). From the Cathedral Libraries Catalogue page here

Babenberga: Bamberg
Bacodurum: Passau (Germany)
Barchinona: Barcelona (Spain)
Barcinona, Barcinone: Barcelona (Spain)
Basileae: (Basel)
Bardum Pommeraniae: Barth
Baruthum: Bayreuth (Germany)
Barxinona: Barcelona (Spain)
Basilea: Basel (Switzerland)
Batava: Passau (Germany)
Batavia: Passau (Germany)
Batavinum: Passau (Germany)
Bathavinus: Passau (Germany)
Battavia: Passau (Germany)
Baumbergensis: Bamberg (Germany)
Bazavia: Passau (Germany)
Bazsowensis: Passau (Germany)
Bazzowa: Passau (Germany)
Beaulmont: Beaumont-les-Tours
Bellijocum: Beaujeu
Bellositi Dobunorum: Oxford
Beneharnum: Lescar
Bergomi: Bergamo (Italy)
Berolinum: Berlin (Germany)
Bethania ad Oderam (Elisiorum): Beuthen
Bethunia: Béthune
Bipontum: Zweibrücken
Bisonium: Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)
Bisuntium: Besançon (France)
Biterrae: Béziers
Bicurgicorum metropoli: Erfurt (Germany)
Biturigiae: Bourges (France)
Biturigum: Bourges (France)
Blesae: Blois (France)
Bolonia: Boulogne-sur-Mer (France)
Bolsanum: Bozen
Bommelia: Zaltbommel (Netherlands)
Bononia Gessoriacum: Boulogne-sur-Mer (France)
Bononiae: Bologna
Bosania: Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)
Bosonium: Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)
Bourdeaus: Bordeaux
Bozanum: Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)
Bozonium: Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)
Brageracum: Bergerac
Brecislaburgum: Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)
Brega: Brieg
Brema: Bremen
Breviodurum: Pont-Audemer
Breysach: Neu-Breisach
Brichsen: Brixen
Brinn(i)um: Brno (Czechoslovakia)
Brinna: Brno (Czechoslovakia)
Briovera: Saint-Lô
Briva Isarae: Pontoise
Brixia: Brescia (Italy)
Bruenna: Brno (Czechoslovakia)
Brugis Flandorum: Brugge
Bruna: Brno (Czechoslovakia)
Brunna: Brno (Czechoslovakia)
Brunnensis Civitas: Brno (Czechoslovakia)
Brunntrudum: Pruntrut
Brunonia: Braunschweig
Brunorum: Braunsberg
Brunsberga: Braunsberg
Brunsvicium: Braunschweig
Brunsviga: Braunschweig (Germany)
Bruntraut: Pruntrut
Bruxellae: (Brussel, Bruxelles)
Bruxellis: (Brussel, bruxelles)
Budissina: Bautzen
Burdigala: Bordeaux (France)
Burgus Bressiae: Bourg-en-Bresse (France)
Burgus Sebusianorum: Bourg-en-Bresse (France)
Busonium: Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)

Wednesday, 12 November 2008

Ferris Wheels

A list of ferris wheels and their heights in metres. For more details about the ferris wheels, see the Wikipedia page here

Amuran 60
Beijing Great Wheel 208 (under construction)
Belfast Wheel 60
Bellevue 53
Big-O 60
Colossus 55
Cosmo Clock 21 112.5
Diamond and Flower (daiya & hana) Ferris Wheel 117
Dream Mall 50
Europa Ferris Wheel 55
Eurowheel 90
Eye of Emirates 60
Eye on Malaysia 60
Ferris Wheel of Paris 100 (built 1900, demolished 1937)
Giant Ferris Wheel 47.5
Giant Wheel 50.3
Great Berlin Wheel 185 (Under construction)
Hablützel Ferris Wheel 60
Harbin Ferris Wheel 110
HEP Five 106
Janfusun FancyWorld 88
La Noria Panoramica De Sevilla 60
Bussink R60 transportable Giant Wheel
London Eye 135
Manchester Wheel 60
Mashhad Fun Fair 80
Miramar Entertainment Park 70
Moscow-850 75
Navy Pier Ferris Wheel 46
Niagara Falls Sky Wheel 53.3
Palette Town Ferris Wheel 115
Panoramic Wheel 56
Riesenrad Dresden 60
Riesenrad Vienna 64.8
Roue de Paris 60
Sea World Eye 60
Singapore Flyer 165
Sky Dream Fukuoka 120
Space Eye 100
Star of Nanchang 160
Steiger-60-metres Ferris Wheel 60
Sun Wheel 48.8
Tempozan Harbor Village Ferris wheel 112.5
Texas Star 65
The Ferris Wheel 80 (First-ever Ferris wheel built 1893 USA, now demolished)
The Giant Wheel 46
The Great Wheel 94 (demolished 1907)
The Southern Star 120 (under construction)
Wheel of Birmingham 60
Wheel of Brisbane 60
Willenborg Oktoberfest Ferris Wheel 50
Yorkshire Wheel 60
Zhengzhou Ferris Wheel 120

Friday, 31 October 2008

Miss Piggy Books

A list of "books which were purportedly authored by Miss Piggy", from the Muppet Wiki page here

Miss Piggy's Guide to Life (1981)

Miss Piggy's Treasury of Art Masterpieces (1984)

In the Kitchen with Miss Piggy (1996)

Miss Piggy's Rules (1997)

The Diva Code (2009)

Thursday, 23 October 2008

Lakes and Inns

An "Itinerary of the Lakes, For the Use of Tourists" (in stages and miles), from William Wordsworth's Guide Through the District of the Lakes in The North of England (London, 1835) at the Project Gutenberg website here. See below for a list of inns mentioned in the itinerary.

Lancaster to Kendal, by Kirkby Lonsdale 30
Lancaster to Kendal, by Burton 22
Lancaster to Kendal, by Milnthorpe 21
Lancaster to Ulverston, over Sands 21
Lancaster to Ulverston, by Levens Bridge 35½
Ulverston to Hawkshead, by Coniston Water Head 19
Ulverston to Bowness, by Newby Bridge 17
Hawkshead to Ambleside 5
Hawkshead to Bowness 6
Kendal to Ambleside 14
Kendal to Ambleside, by Bowness 15
From and back to Ambleside round the two Langdales 18
Ambleside to Ullswater 10
Ambleside to Keswick 16¼
Keswick to Borrowdale, and round the Lake 12
Keswick to Borrowdale and Buttermere 23
Keswick to Wastdale and Calder Bridge 27
Calder Bridge to Buttermere and Keswick 29
Keswick, round Bassenthwaite Lake 18
Keswick to Patterdale, Pooley Bridge, and Penrith 38
Keswick to Pooley Bridge and Penrith 24
Keswick to Penrith 17½
Whitehaven to Keswick 27
Workington to Keswick 21
Excursion from Penrith to Hawes Water 27
Carlisle to Penrith 18
Penrith to Kendal 26

List of Inns

King's Arms
Commercial Inn
Royal Oak
Rose and Crown
Green Dragon
Cross Keys
Sun Inn
Bradyll's Arms
Red Lion
White Lion
Crown Inn
Salutation Hotel
Queen's Head
The George
Black Lion
Golden Lion
The Globe
The Sun
New Crown
The Bush Coffee-House

Monday, 29 September 2008

Dollywood II

From the same Wikipedia page, a list of defunct Dollywood rides and attractions.

Butter Churn (1980-1986)
Li'l Swinger (1988-1993)
Flooded Mine (1977-1997)
Thunder Express (1989-1998)
Critter Creek Playground (1987-1999)
Balloon Chase (1988-1999)
The Dolly Parton Story: Rags to Riches (1986-2001)
Country Fair Falls (1964-2004)
Swingamajig (1980-2004)
Tennessee Twister (1993-2004)
Barnstormer (1980-2004)
Road Rally (1988-2004)
Convoy (1988-2004)
Spongebob Squarepants 3D (2005-2006)
Yogi's Wild Ride (2007)
Smoky Mountain Wilderness Adventure (2002-2007)


List of rides and attractions at Dolly Parton's theme park Dollywood. From the Wikipedia page here

-Adventures in Imagination

Chasing Rainbows
Dolly's Home-On-Wheels
Imagination Cinema
Thunder Road (March 21 - November 1, 2008)
The Polar Express 4-D Experience (November 8, 2008 - January 3, 2009)

-Country Fair

Amazing Flying Elephants
Busy Bees
Dizzy Disk
Demolition Derby
Lemon Twist
Lucky Ducky
Piggy Parade
Shooting Star
Sky Rider
VeggieTales Sideshow Spin
Wonder Wheel

- Craftsman's Valley

Blazing Fury
Calico Falls Schoolhouse
Daredevil Falls
Eagle Mountain Sanctuary
Robert F. Thomas Chapel
Tennessee Tornado

- Dreamland Forest

Dreamland Forest Treehouse
Dreamland Forest Tiny Tots Playground
Mountain Slidewinder

- Jukebox Junction

Rockin' Roadway

- Rivertown Junction

Tennessee Mountain Home
Smoky Mountain River Rampage

- Showstreet

Friendship Gardens
Southern Gospel Museum and Hall of Fame

- Timber Canyon

Beaver Creek
Beaver Creek Boat Float
Li'l Loggers' Landing
Lumberjack Lifts
Mystery Mine
Timber Tower

- The Village

Dollywood Express
Village Carousel

- Wilderness Pass

River Battle
Adventure Mountain (Coming 2009)

Saturday, 6 September 2008

Worm Charming Championships II

Two lists of worm charming champions (for number of worms, and heaviest worms, charmed). From the The World Worming Charming Championships Roll of Honour page.

Number of worms

1980 Mr T Shufflebotham 511
1981 Mr M Bennion 302
1982 Mr S Goodwin 217
1983 Mrs C Paul 248
1984 Miss C Turner 87
1985 Mr J Mason 57
1986 Miss A Fowles & Mr P Fowles 40
1987 Mr J Mason 214
1988 Mr A Wilcox 265
1989 Mr M Johnsom 79
1990 Miss R Champion-Jones 146
1991 Miss C Whittingham 245
1992 Mr D Robinson 105
1993 Miss G Neville 487
1994 Miss A Fowles & Mr P Fowles 160
1995 Mr S Goodwin & Miss L Fowles 333
1996 Mr D Williams 157
1997 Mr A Woodroffe & Mr A Landstrom 236
1998 Mr P Fowles & Miss A Fowles 281
1999 Mr N O'Malley & Mr J Wilson 337
2000 Mr P & Miss A Fowles 276
2001 Mr N O'Malley & Miss O'Malley 290
2002 Miss C Windsor & Mr R Windsor 305
2003 Mssrs R & R Windsor (181 after 5 minute Charm-off)
2004 Mr H Potts & Mrs A Potts 167
2005 Miss C Gaukroger & Mr M Gaukroger 214
2006 Mr G & Ms D Sandberg 127
2007 Miss C Gaukroger & Mr M Gaukroger 399
2008 Miss C Gaukroger & Mr M Gaukroger 125

Heaviest worms

1986 Mr N Burrows 5.8gms
1987 Mr J Overstall 6.6gms
1988 Mr N Millward 5.3gms
1989 Miss D Sandberg 4.7gms
1990 Mr D Landstrom 5.1gms
1991 Miss K Bell 6.3gms
1992 Mr P Westbrook 4.2gms
1993 Mr R Overstall 4.4gms
1994 Mr P Atkinson 4.2gms
1995 Mr A Landstrom/Miss K Hassall/Mr J Hassall 4.6gms
1996 Miss J Bell 5.6gms
1997 Miss E Sandberg 5.3gms
1998 Mr D Horton & Mr R Heeson 5.1gms
1999 Miss R Taylor & Mr D Brown 3.9gms
2000 Mr L Slater & J Lavender 4.4gms
2001 Mr D Ruscie & Mr T Ruscoe 3.6gms
2002 Miss S Robins & Mr P Robins 3.9gms
2003 Mr Lewis Handley 4.3gms
2004 Mr M Sefton & Mr S Sefton 4.7gms
2005 Mssrs A Thorley & J Thorley 4.5gms
2006 Mssrs. J & D Long 4.3gms
2007 Mssrs L & D Owen 4.8gms
2008 Mssrs R O'Grady & S Plant 4.6gms

Thursday, 28 August 2008

World Worm Charming Championships

A list of rules for The World Worming Charming Championships

1 Each competitor to operate in a 3 x 3 metre plot.
2 Lots to be drawn to allocate plots.
3 Duration of competition to be 30 minutes, starting at about 2pm.
4 Worms may not be dug from the ground. Vibrations only to be used.
5 No drugs to be used! Water is considered to be a drug/stimulant.
6 Any form of music may be used to charm the worms out of the earth.
7 A garden fork of normal type may be stuck into the ground and vibrated
by any manual means to encourage worms to the surface.
8 Garden forks to be suitably covered to prevent possible injury when
being transported to and from the competition. No accidents please!
9 Each competitor to leave his/her fork in allocated plot on arrival.
10 A piece of wood, smooth or notched may be used to strike or 'fiddle' the handle of the garden fork to assist vibration.
11 Competitors who do not wish to handle worms may appoint a second to do so. The second shall be known as a 'Gillie'.
12 Each competitor may collect worms from his/her own plot only.
13 Worms to be handled carefully and collected in damp peat and placed in a suitable, named container provided by the
organising committee.
14 A handbell to be rung about five minutes before the start of the competition.
15 Competitors to keep clear of competition plots until given the instruction "Get to your Plots".
16 The competitor who 'charms' the most worms to be the winner.
17 In the event of a tie, the winner to be decided by a further five minutes charming.
18 Charmed worms to be released after the birds have gone to roost on the evening of the event.

Thursday, 14 August 2008

Prom tiaras

A list of tiaras from the catalogue of Stumps Prom and Party here

Gold Attendant Tiara
Serendipity Tiara
Jeweled Rita Tiaras
Enchanted Wishes Tiara
Stardust Tiara
Rose Elegance Tiara
Princess Amor Tiara
Diamond Drop Tiara
Trio De Fluer Tiara
Christina Tiara
Gisele Tiara
Duchess Tiara
Lasting Grace Tiara
Treasured Dreams Tiara
Imperial Garden Tiara
Glorious Beauty Tiara
Dream Catcher Tiara
Infatuation Tiara
Eternal Beauty Tiara
Grand Coronation Tiara
Judith Tiara
Glorious Garden Tiara
Circle Of Romance Tiara
Silver Simplicity Tiara
Madrid Comb Tiara
Silver Cascading Hearts Tiara
Julianna Tiara
Customized Delicate Brilliance Tiara
Customized Cascading Hearts Tiara
Customized Attendant Tiara
This Moment Tiara
Radiant Heart Tiara
Silver Heart Tiara
Her Highness Tiara
Capri Tiara
Olivia Tiara
Eternal Romance Tiara
Heart's Desire Tiara
Splendid Night Tiara
Crowning Moment Tiara
Ruth Tiara
Customized Tiara Keepsake Box
Divinity Tiara
Temptation Tiara
Rebecca Tiara
Serenade Tiara
Floral Fantasy Tiara
Resplendent Tiara
Luminous Tiara
Michelle Tiara
Bliss Tiara
Royal Brilliance Tiara
Reminisce Tiara
Elizabethan Tiara
Sovereign Tiara
Classical Grace Tiara
Delicate Brilliance Tiara
Sweet Splendor Tiara
Primrose Tiara
Heart-To-Heart Tiara
Princess Gwyneth Tiara
Tempest Tiara
Sweet Honesty Tiara
Shimmering Magic Tiara
Mon Amour Tiara
Garden Serenade Tiara
Crystal Elegance Tiara
Now And Forever Tiara
Silver Attendant's Tiara
Brilliance Tiara
Delicate Heart Tiara
Mia Tiara
Clarisse Tiara
Britney Tiara
Jessica Tiara
Julia Tiara
Delicate Princess Tiara
Enchanted Heart Tiara
Majestic Tiara
Classic Charm Tiara
Venice Comb Tiara
Bali Comb Tiara
Riviera Comb Tiara
Rome Comb Tiara
Sparkling Heart Tiara
Diamond Romance Tiara
Maureen Tiara
Mandy Tiara
Gold Cascading Heart Tiara
White Satin Bag
Rhapsody Crown
Gardenia Crown
Katrina Crown
Vivien Crown
Dazzling Tiara
Beloved Tiara
Splendid Grace Tiara
Glimmer Tiara
Iyvonne Tiara
Cherished Night Tiara
Illustrious Tiara
Intrigue Tiara
Beauteous Tiara
Tender Heart Tiara
Lucia Tiara
Bellissimo Tiara
Inamorata Tiara
Jeweled Perfection Tiara
Enchanting Tiara
Portofino Tiara
Stella Tiara
Enchantment Tiara
Opulent Procession Tiara
Annamarie Tiara
Charming Heart Comb Tiara
Luminescent Comb Tiara
Blossoming Comb Tiara
Prestigious Comb Tiara
Her Grace Tiara
Les Etoiles Tiara
White Satin Pillow
Jeweled Delicate Heart Tiara
Alluring Rose Tiara

Thursday, 24 July 2008

Coca-Cola slogans of the 1920s

From a list spanning 1886 - 2008, at Wikipedia's page here

1922 - Thirst knows no season.
1923 - Enjoy life
1924 - Refresh Yourself
1925 - Six million a day.
1926 - It had to be good to get where it is.
1927 - Pure as Sunlight
1927 - Around the corner from anywhere.
1928 - Coca-Cola ... pure drink of natural flavors.
1929 - The pause that refreshes.

Monday, 7 July 2008

New Zealand Roller Skating Speed Records 1955 - 1965

from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966 here

1955, Catherine Lawrie, 1 min 4 sec
1956–61, Judith Marriott, 0 min 59.8 sec
25 Feb 1961, Louisa Gray, 0 min 58.1 sec
8 Apr 1961–63, June Dillon, 0 min 54 sec
26 Oct 1963–64, Judith Willaimson, 0 min 51.8 sec
1965, Ngaire Dillon, 0 min 50.2 sec

1955, Betty Sears, 2 min 10.4 sec
1956–61, Catherine Lawrie, 1 min 59.4 sec
25 Feb 1961, Judith Lloyd, 1 min 58 sec
8 Apr 1961, Corinne Grant, 1 min 56.1 sec
1962–63, Ngaire Dillon, 1 min 52.4 sec
20 Oct 1963–64, Judith Willaimson. 1 min, 46.2 sec
1965, Ngaire Brader, 1 min 41.2 sec

1955, I. Hughes, 0 min, 58.4 sec
1956–61, D. Judd, 0 min 53.6 sec
1962–63, S. Wray, 0 min 53.2 sec
1963, A. Douglas, 0 min 49.2 sec
1964, G. Brader, 0 min 48.6 sec
1965, G. Brader, 0 min 46.1 sec

1955, D. Carthew, 2 min 0 sec
1956–61, I. Hughes, 1 min 49.1 sec
1962–63, S. Wray, 1 min 49 sec
1964, G. Brader, 1, min 38.1 sec
1965, G. Brader, 1 min 33.2 sec

1955, I. Hughes, 3 min 58.2 sec
1956–61, I. Hughes, 3 min 49.3 sec
1961–63, B. Galway, 3 min 37 sec
1963, A. Douglas, 3 min, 21 sec
1964, G. Brader, 3 min 19 sec
1965, G. Brader, 3 min 10 sec

1956–61, I. Hughes, 11 min 38.2 sec
1962–63, S. Wray, 11 min 31.4 sec
1964–65, P. Ramsay, 10 min 5.8 sec

Sunday, 22 June 2008

Roller Skating Styles

For more info on the styles, see the Quad Roller Skating website here

Artistic Roller Skating
Roller Dancing
Roller Derby
Roller Hockey
Speed Skating
Vertical Roller Skating
Indoor Roller Skating
Outdoor Roller Skating

Thursday, 5 June 2008

Famous Australian Gold Nuggets

From the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) webpage here, which includes details about each nugget eg. The Welcome Stranger was found in Victoria in 1869. It weighed approx. 72 kilograms and at the time of discovery was the largest known nugget in the world (60 by 45 by 19 centimetres).

The Welcome Stranger
The Welcome
The Hand of Faith
Schlemm nugget
The Little Jack
Lady Loch
The Pride of Australia

Wednesday, 28 May 2008

Lord and Lady Apples

A list of Lord and Lady apple varieties compiled from a search of the Brogdale Horticultural Trust's Apple Collection here

Kirke's Lord Nelson
Lord Burghley
Lord Clyde
Lord Derby
Lord Derby spur type
Lord Grosvenor
Lord Hindlip
Lord Lambourne
Lord Lennox
Lord Peckover
Lord Rosebery
Lord Stradbroke
Lord Suffield
Lady Henniker
Lady Hollendale
Lady Hopetown
Lady Isabel
Lady Lambourne
Lady of the Lake
Lady of the Wemyss
Lady Sudeley
Lady William

Monday, 12 May 2008

Names for Table Tennis

A list of early names for the game eventually known as Table Tennis from The International Table Tennis Federation's "A Comprehensive History of Table Tennis" here

Ping Pong or Gossima
Ping Pong
Table Tennis
Whiff Waff
Parlour Tennis
Indoor Tennis
Royal Game
Tennis de Salon
and others.

Friday, 25 April 2008

Storm clouds

From Wikipedia's list of cloud types here

Accessory cloud – cloud that is attached to and
develops on body of main cloud

Anvil – the top flatter part of a cumulonimbus (Cb)

Anvil dome – the overshooting top on a Cb that is
often present on a supercell

Anvil rollover – (slang) circular protrusion attached
to underside of anvil

Arcus cloud – arch or a bow shape, attached to
cumulus, thick with ragged edges

Backsheared anvil – (slang) anvil that spreads upwind,
indicative of extreme weather

Clear slot (or dry slot) - an evaporation of clouds as
a rear flank downdraft descends and dries out cloud
and occludes around a mesocyclone

Cloud tags – ragged detached portions of cloud

Collar cloud – rare ring shape surrounding upper part
of wall cloud

Condensation funnel - the cloud of a funnel cloud
aloft or a tornado

Cumulus – heaped clouds

Cumulus congestus – moderate development and heaped
into cauliflower shapes

Cumulus fractus – ragged detached portions of cumulus

Cumulus humilis - small, low, flattened cumulus, early

Cumulus mediocris - medium-sized cumulus with small
bulges at the top

Cumulus pannus - shredded sections attached to main
cumulus cloud

Cumulus pileus - capped – hood shaped cumulus cloud

Cumulus praecipitatio - cumulus whose precipitation
reaches the

Cumulus radiatus – cumulus arranged in parallel lines

Cumulus tuba - column hanging from the bottom of

Cumulus velum - cumulus displaying an undulating

Cumulonimbus – heaped towering rain-bearing clouds
that stretch to
the upper levels

Cumulonimbus calvus – cumulonimbus whose upper parts
have lost their shape

Cumulonimbus capillatus - Cb whose upper parts have
taken on a cirrus-like form

Cumulonimbus incus – Cb with anvil aloft

Cumulonimbus mammutus - pouch-like protrusions that
hang from under an anvil

Cumulonimbus pannus - shredded sections attached to
main Cb cloud

Cumulonimbus pileus - capped – hood shaped
cumulonimbus cloud

Cumulonimbus praecipitatio - Cb whose precipitation
reaches the ground

Cumulonimbus spissatus - cumulonimbus with a thick
grey appearance

Cumulonimbus tuba - column hanging from the bottom of

Cumulonimbus velum - cumulonimbus displaying an
undulating pattern

Debris cloud – rotating ‘cloud’ of debris found at
base of tornado

Hail fog - a shallow surface layer of fog that
sometimes forms in vicinity of deep hail accumulation,
can be very dense

Inflow band - a laminar band marking inflow to a Cb,
can occur at lower or mid levels of tower

Inverted cumulus - cumulus which has transferred
momentum from an exceptionally intense Cb tower and is
convectively growing on the underside of an anvil

Fractonimbus - dark ragged clouds under base of
precipitation cloud.

Funnel cloud – rotating funnel of cloud hanging from
under Cb, not making contact with ground

Knuckles – lumpy protrusion that hangs from edge or
underside of anvil

Roll cloud – elongated, low-level, tube shaped,
horizontal cloud

Rope cloud – (slang) narrow, sometimes twisted funnel
type cloud seen after tornado dissipates

Scud cloud – ragged detached portions of cloud

Shelf cloud – wedge shaped cloud often attached to the
underside of Cb

Stratus fractus – ragged detached portions of stratus

Striations - a groove or band of clouds encircling an
updraft tower, indicative of rotation

Tail cloud - an area of condensation consisting of
laminar band and cloud tags extending from a wall
cloud towards a precipitation core

Towering cumulus (TCu) - a large cumulus cloud with
great vertical development, usually with a
cauliflower-like appearance, but lacking the
characteristic anvil of a Cb

Wall cloud – distinctive fairly large lowering of the
rain free base of a Cb, often rotating

Wednesday, 9 April 2008

Bee Orchids

From the Canadian Orchid Congress webpage here

Bee (Bumble-bee) orchid - Oncidium henekenii
Bee orchid (Australia) - Diuris carinata
Bee orchid - Luisia
Bee orchid - Ophrys apifera & var. trollii
Bee swarm orchid - Cyrtopodium punctatum
Bee swarm orchid - Oncidium luridum (inv.) (altissimum)
Bumble-bee orchid - Ophrys bombylifera

Friday, 28 March 2008

Scottish bumblebees

From the Biological Recording in Scotland (BRISC) Bumblebee Identification page here

- Red or Orange tailed bumblebees
Red-tailed bumblebee (Bombus lapidarius)
Red-shanked carder bee (Bombus ruderarius)
Early bumblebee (Bombus pratorum)
Bilberry bumblebee (Bombus monticola)

- Yellow and Black striped bumblebees
Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris)
White-tailed bumblebee (Bombus lucorum)
Garden bumblebee (Bombus hortorum)
Heath bumblebee (Bombus jonellus)
Broken belted bumblebee (Bombus soroeensis)

- Foxy bumblebees
Common carder bee (Bombus pascuorum)
Scarce carder bee (Bombus muscorum)
Great yellow bumblebee (Bombus distinguendus)

- Cuckoo bees
Gypsy cuckoo bee (Bombus bohemicus)
Barbut's cuckoo bee (Bombus barbutellus)
Four-coloured cuckoo bee (Bombus sylvestris)
Field cuckoo bee (Bombus campestri)

Monday, 24 March 2008

Forms of honey

From the US National Honey Board webpage here

Liquid Honey
Comb Honey
Whipped Honey
Liquid / Cut Comb
Naturally Crystallized
Dried Honey

Some other descriptions of honey forms from the Wikipedia article here

Creamed honey
Chunk honey
Set honey
Spun honey
Honey fondant
Granulated honey

Saturday, 15 March 2008

The Flat Earth and its Advocates

A selection of titles from "The Flat Earth and its Advocates: A List of References" at the Library of Congress's Science Reference Services page here

Carpenter, William. One hundred proofs that the earth is not a globe. [6th ed.] Baltimore, 1885. 39 p. QB638.C3

Cook, Frederick H. The terrestrial plane; or, The true figure of the earth. [London, 1908] 64 p. Held by the British Library under shelfmark 8563. b. 52.

Goudey, Henry J. Earth not a globe: scientifically, geometrically, philosophically demonstrated. Over 75 arguments and 30 diagrams. Boston, Mass., 1930. 145 p. illus., fold. map. QB52.G7

[Rowbotham, Samuel B.] Zetetic astronomy. A description of several experiments which prove that the surface of the sea is a perfect plane, and that the earth is not a globe. Being the substance of a paper read before the Royal Astronomical Society on the evening of Dec. 8, 1848. By ‘Parallax' [pseud.] Birmingham, W. Cornish, 1849. 16 p. illus. QB638.R87

Smith, Carl Albert. Is the earth a whirling globe? 2d ed., rev. and enl. Northampton [1918] 112 p. Held by the British Library under shelfmark 8562. aaa. 35.

Saturday, 23 February 2008

Weekly themes from "A Word a Day"

"A Word a Day" is a service provided by Wordsmith.Org that emails a word, its definition and an example of its use in context, to your in-box each day. Each week words fall under a different theme. The following is a selection of themes from 2007. For all themes, see the webpage here

Words with hidden animals
Words that have many unrelated meanings
Terms from law
Unusual words used in famous quotations
Words for odds and ends
Archaic words
Words about words
Words related to calendar

Monday, 18 February 2008

Space Lego themes

A list of space lego themes from 1978 - present. From Wikipedia's list of lego themes here

Blacktron I (1987–1990)
Futuron (1987–1990)
Space Police I (1989–1990, 1993)
M:Tron (1990–1993)
Blacktron Future Generation (1991–1993)
Space Police II (1992–1993)
Ice Planet 2002 (1993–1994, 1999)
Unitron (1994–1995)
Spyrius (1994–1996, 1999)
Exploriens (1996)
Roboforce (1997)
UFO (1997–1998)
Insectoids (1998–1999)
Life on Mars (2001)
Mars Mission (2007–present)

Thursday, 7 February 2008

Swatch themes

A list of swatch design themes from Each theme has its own collection of swatches. The second list below is of the names of swatches with the "Puzzle Motion" theme.

Cyber Queen
Geometric Elegance
Irony Lady Square
Matter Of Class
Playfully Pastel
Urban Adventures
Puzzle Motion
Swatch Retrograde
Olympic Collection
Core Collection


Flower Ballet
Turtle Turn
Eternal Tribal
Blue Satelite
Moving Flower

Thursday, 24 January 2008

Climbing roses

A list of categories of climbing rose from

Climbing Miniature Roses
Climbing English Roses
Climbing English Legend Roses
Climbing Hardy Roses
Climbing Species Roses
Rambling Roses
Repeat Flowering Ramblers
Roses For Climbing Into Trees
Small-Flowered Climbers

Thursday, 3 January 2008

New Zealand's Longest Caves

A list of the lengths (in metres) of New Zealand's Longest Caves from the New Zealand Speleological Society webpage here

1 Bulmer Cavern, Mt Owen 52149
2 Ellis Basin System, Mt Arthur 28730
3 Nettlebed Cave, Mt Arthur 24252
4 Megamania, Buller 14800
5 Honeycomb Hill Cave, Oparara 13712
6 Gardner's Gut, Waitomo 12197
7 Bohemia, Mt Owen 11230
8 Mangawhitikau System, Waitomo, 8404 (surveyed length 8054, unsurveyed length 350)
9 The Metro, Charleston, 8000
10 Aurora Cave, Te Anau, 6400
11 Waitomo Headwaters, Waitomo 6348 (surveyed length 5618, unsurveyed length 730)
12 Mangaone Cave, Gisborne 6300
13 Moonsilver Cave, Upper Takaka 5900
14 Greenlink System, Takaka Hill 5228
15 Millars Waterfall, Waitomo 5150
16 Xanadu System, Punakaiki 5010
17 Fred Cave, Waitomo 4760
18 Thunderer Cave, Puketiti 4726
19 Stinkpot Cave, Mahoenui 4548
20 Windrift, Mt Arthur 4410
21 Kuratahi Cave, Puketiti 4160 (surveyed length 3860, unsurveyed length 200)
22 Hollywood Cave, Charleston 4036 (surveyed length 3966, unsurveyed length 70)
23 Te Reinga Cave, Whakapunake 3954 (surveyed length 3834, unsurveyed length 80)
24 Blue Creek Cave, Mt Owen 3905 (surveyed length 3405, unsurveyed length 500)
25 Ruakuri Cave, Waitomo 3880
26 Ecch Cave, Piopio 3700
27 Mangapu System, Waitomo 3652
28 Waipuna Cave, Waitomo 3560
29 Karamu Cave, Hamilton 3535
30 Wetneck Cave, Paturau 3500