Sunday, 30 December 2007

Sundials 2: Places with the name Sundial

This list created from a search of the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online

1. Moss Back Butte .......... (peak) also known as Sundial Rock
(World, North and Central America, United States, Utah, San Juan county)

2. Sundial .......... (inhabited place)
(World, North and Central America, United States, West Virginia, Raleigh county)

3. Sundial Lake .......... (lake)
(World, North and Central America, United States, Minnesota, Saint Louis county)

4. Sundial Mobile Park .......... (inhabited place)
(World, North and Central America, United States, Arizona, Maricopa county)

5. Sundial Mountain .......... (peak)
(World, North and Central America, United States, New Mexico, Catron county)

6. Sundial Park .......... (inhabited place)
(World, North and Central America, United States, Utah, Davis county)

7. Sundial Peak .......... (peak)
(World, North and Central America, United States, Utah, Salt Lake county)

8. Sundial, The .......... (peak)
(World, North and Central America, United States, Utah, Washington county)

Thursday, 13 December 2007

Ten sundial mottoes

From a list of 50 sundial mottoes given on Sundials on the Internet's mottoes page here. The list of 50 is itself selected from more than 2000 mottoes collected by sundial maker James Stewart, who worked in Invercargill, New Zealand up until his death in 1933. As stated on the website, Bruce Christie of the Plant Sciences Department at NZ's Massey University and great great grandson of James Stewart, supplied the list.

1    A day may prime thee, improve this hour.
2    Moved by the light.
3    A stick in time saves mine.
4    On this moment hangs eternity.
5    To thee that mourn the hours are slow. But with joyful swiftly go.
6    The gliding hour flies on its fitful wings.
7    Come boys now's the hour.
8    Learn ze, years pass by like running water.
9    Snatch the present hour, fear the last.
10    As a shadow such is life.

Tuesday, 27 November 2007

Miniature parks

The International Association of Miniature Parks (IAMP) "is a trade body, which was developed in the 1990s in Europe to bring together the many theme parks across the world, large and small, which have a specialist theme of miniature model landscapes." Here are some statistics on miniature parks provided on the IAMP's website here

- There are more than 40 miniature parks open to the public across the world. Some are small and in private gardens or public areas, but most of the largest ones with commercial activities are members of IAMP.

- A new miniature park opens approx every 3 years.

- The oldest miniature park in its original form is Bekonscot, UK (built for the public between 1927-1929 with buildings in private location in 1920)

- The miniature park with the smallest scale is Miniature World, Canada (1:72 scale)

- Madurodam has the world’s biggest model railway – it is 4km long

Wednesday, 21 November 2007

Kinds of trapeze

For more details, see the Wikipedia article here

Static trapeze
Swinging trapeze (or Swinging Single trapeze)
Flying trapeze
Washington trapeze (also known as Heavy Trapeze)
Dance trapeze (also known as Single-point trapeze)
Doubles trapeze
Multiple trapeze

Sunday, 11 November 2007

The Museum of Lost Interactions

Here is a list of exhibits on display at The Museum of Lost Interactions (at the University of Dundee): "Nine exhibits ranging from 1900 to 1979, comprising audio recording machines, wireless morse communicators, portable video to the precurser behind iTunes." For more info visit the webpage here

the richophone (1900)
the prat sampler (1918)
the acoustograph (1920)
the social communicator (1932)
the case communicator (1936)
the chordmaster (1950)
the zenith radio hat (1952)
pester (1970)
the video case (1979)

Friday, 2 November 2007

Rare Hummingbirds of the United States

A list of sightings from the Hummingbird World webpage here

The Green Violet-Ear has been recorded in Texas, Wisconsin and several other states.

The Bahama Woodstar and the Cuban Emerald have occurred in Florida.

In early March 1998 a Violet-Crowned Hummingbird appeared at a feeder in the Lake Jackson area on the North Texas coast.

In November 1997 a Green-Breasted Mango appeared at a feeder in Corpus Christi, Texas. A bird of this species was also seen in Texas in 1992.

The Xantus' Hummingbird has occurred in California and British Columbia.

A Cinnamon Hummingbird has been seen in Arizona.

Arizona also gets annual records of Berylline Hummingbird and White-eared Hummingbird. In many years there is a record or two of Plain-Capped Starthroat.

Thursday, 1 November 2007

Oldest currently registered .com domains contains a list of the 100 oldest currently registered .com domains. Here are the first 15. To view the rest of the .coms visit the website here

Rank Create date Domain name

1. 15-Mar-1985 SYMBOLICS.COM
2. 24-Apr-1985 BBN.COM
3. 24-May-1985 THINK.COM
4. 11-Jul-1985 MCC.COM
5. 30-Sep-1985 DEC.COM
6. 07-Nov-1985 NORTHROP.COM
7. 09-Jan-1986 XEROX.COM
8. 17-Jan-1986 SRI.COM
9. 03-Mar-1986 HP.COM
10. 05-Mar-1986 BELLCORE.COM
11= 19-Mar-1986 IBM.COM
11= 19-Mar-1986 SUN.COM
13= 25-Mar-1986 INTEL.COM
13= 25-Mar-1986 TI.COM
15. 25-Apr-1986 ATT.COM

Sunday, 21 October 2007

Christie's Sale Categories C-D

For more sale categories, visit the website here

Cameras & Optical Toys
Ceramics & Glass (European)
Chinese Art (20th Century)
Chinese Ceramics & Works of Art
Chinese Classical & Modern Paintings
Cigars (Vintage)
Clocks, Marine Chronometers & Barometers
Contemporary Art
Costume, Textiles & Fans
Country House Sales (& Private Collections) UK
Decorative Art & Design (20th Century)

Tuesday, 9 October 2007

Five Rubik's Cube facts

For more, visit the website here

1. Hungarian actress Zsa Zsa Gabor was chosen to host the Rubik's Cube's launch in America, beginning with a Hollywood party on 5th of May 1980.

2. The ultimate collectable of 1981 in Britain was a Rubik's Cube showing Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer.

3. One of the youngest Cube solvers ever back in 1981 was seven year old Lars-Erik Anderson of Norway. He often did the Cube, but could not explain how!

4. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology established a regular series of 'Cube-ins' for its staff and students to explore the various mathematical ramifications created by RUBIK's Cube.

5. A football game in Connecticut was delayed when one player, Bob Blake, failed to take the field. He was found in the locker room playing with the Cube.

Monday, 1 October 2007

Leaf Shapes

From the Wikipedia article here

Acicular (acicularis): Slender and pointed, needle-like
Acuminate (acuminata): Tapering to a long point
Aristate (aristata): Ending in a stiff, bristle-like point
Bipinnate (bipinnata): Each leaflet also pinnate
Cordate (cordata): Heart-shaped, stem attaches to cleft
Cuneate (cuneata): Triangular, stem attaches to point
Deltoid (deltoidea): Triangular, stem attaches to side
Digitate (digitata): Divided into finger-like lobes
Elliptic (elliptica): Oval, with a short or no point
Falcate (falcata): sickle-shaped
Flabellate (flabellata): Semi-circular, or fan-like
Hastate (hastata): shaped like a spear point, with flaring pointed lobes at the base
Lance-shaped, lanceolate (lanceolata): Long, wider in the middle
Linear (linearis): Long and very narrow
Lobed (lobata): With several points
Obcordate (obcordata): Heart-shaped, stem attaches to tapering point
Oblanceolate (oblanceolata): Top wider than bottom
Oblong (oblongus): Having an elongated form with slightly parallel sides
Obovate (obovata): Teardrop-shaped, stem attaches to tapering point
Obtuse (obtusus): With a blunt tip
Orbicular (orbicularis): Circular
Ovate (ovata): Oval, egg-shaped, with a tapering point
Palmate (palmata): Divided into many lobes
Pedate (pedata): Palmate, with cleft lobes
Peltate (peltata): Rounded, stem underneath
Perfoliate (perfoliata): Stem through the leaves
Pinnate (pinnata): Two rows of leaflets
odd-pinnate : pinnate with a terminal leaflet
paripinnate, even-pinnate : pinnate lacking a terminal leaflet
Pinnatisect (pinnatifida): Cut, but not to the midrib (it would be pinnate then)
Reniform (reniformis): Kidney-shaped
Rhomboid (rhomboidalis): Diamond-shaped
Round (rotundifolia): Circular
Sagittate (sagittata): Arrowhead-shaped
Spatulate, spathulate (spathulata): Spoon-shaped
Spear-shaped (hastata): Pointed, with barbs
Subulate (subulata): Awl-shaped with a tapering point
Sword-shaped (ensiformis): Long, thin, pointed
Trifoliate, ternate (trifoliata): Divided into three leaflets
Tripinnate (tripinnata): Pinnately compound in which each leaflet is itself bipinnate
Truncate (truncata): With a squared off end
Unifoliate (unifoliata): with a single leaf

^ a: Or to be more precise, the "leaf" consists of two joined leaves united around the stem. The term perfoliate still applies.

Tuesday, 18 September 2007


Crosswordese refers to those obscure words (usually between three and five letters) often found in crossword puzzles but not commonly used in everyday conversation. Here is a list of commonly used crosswordese. From the Wikipedia posting here

Alai – as in jai alai, a game played in a court with a ball and a wickerwork racket
Alee - in seaman’s language, toward the side opposite the wind
Asta - film dog of the 1930s
Asti - a city of Italy known for its sparkling wines
Elia – as in Elia Kazan, Greek-born American film and theater director
Enos - first-born son of Seth
Epee - a modern version of a duelling sword
Erle – as in Erle Stanley Gardner, an American lawyer and author of detective stories
Ete - summer in French
Ewer - a decorative pitcher
Olio - a miscellaneous mixture of elements, especially artistic works, musical pieces, writing, or food

Friday, 7 September 2007

Scented bookmarks

Scented bookmarks available for purchase at The Bookmark Shop

Waterfall Splash (£2.95)
Freshly Baked Bread (£2.95)
Tropical Beach (£2.95)
Orchard Harvest (£2.95)
Lavender Fields (£2.95)
Spring Blossom (£2.95)
Riverside Stroll (£2.95)
Rose Petals (£2.95)
Late Summer Vineyard (£2.95)
Home Sweet Home (£2.95)

Sunday, 2 September 2007

Steepest Streets in Dunedin

Dunedin City Council lists all streets in Dunedin whose gradients are steeper than 1:6. The website states: "These gradients are ratios, and are not measured in any particular unit eg. metres or feet. E.g. to describe the gradient of Baldwin Street (1:2.9) for every 2.9 units in, it goes 1 unit up; whereas for Pacific Street (1:5.9), for every 5.9 units in, it goes 1 unit up."

Baldwin Street is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's steepest street (though the Council notes that there is some dispute over the record as only 6m out of the total street length of 30m is at the steepest gradient)

1:2.9 Baldwin Street Top End
1:3.3 Lauder Street Above Hinkley Street
1:3.4 Kenilworth Street Glengyle St - Shandon Street
1:3.6 Arnold Street Manapouri Street - Radnor Street
1:3.6 Jessie Street Rotoiti Street - Manapouri Street
1:3.7 Dalmeny Street Upper Half
1:4.0 Kellas Street Above Gorman Street
1:4.0 Maitland Street High Street - Stafford Street
1:4.1 Tekapo Street At Ravensbourne Road
1:4.4 View Street Moray Place - Tennyson Street
1:4.5 Goodall Street Above Barnes Drive
1:4.5 Howard Street Lower Half
1:4.5 Seddon Street Above Totara Street
1:4.5 Torr Street Lower Half
1:4.8 Cole Street Main South Road - Sidey Street
1:4.8 Rainton Street Easter Cres - Bangor Tce
1:4.9 Osbourne Street Carson Street - Glen Road
1:4.9 Ramsay Street Below Gladstone Road
1:5.0 Athol Place Manapouri Street - Totara Street
1:5.1 St. David Street Forth Street - Harbour Tce
1:5.2 Asgog Street Manapouri Street - Totara Street
1:5.2 Challis Street Lower Half
1:5.3 Birchfield Avenue Above Pleasant Place
1:5.3 Falcon Street Kaikorai Valley Road - Oates Street
1:5.3 Filleul Street Hanover Street - London Street
1:5.3 Montague Street Upper Half
1:5.4 Calder Avenue Above Primrose Bank
1:5.4 Gorman Street Above Kellas Street
1:5.4 Opoho Road Hatfield Street - Signal Hill Road
1:5.6 Blacks Road Main North Road - Evans Street
1:5.6 William Street High Street - Serpentine Road
1:5.7 Brunel Street Mailer Street - Laurie Street
1:5.7 Porterfield Street Above Kellas Street
1:5.9 Pacific Street Upper Half

Saturday, 1 September 2007

Rules of Judging: World Beard and Moustache Championships

A list of the rules of judging for the 2007 World Beard and Moustache Championships (which have just taken place). For more info, including descriptions of beard and moustache categories, see the website here

1. In the morning of the competition, each competitor will attend a 'pre-judging' where the intended category is confirmed.

2. The participants of each class will be presented in a group, then individually to the jury which consists of seven persons who will give their votes in secret.

3. Each jury member will give a score of between 5 and 10 points to each entrant. Half points are possible.

4. The points 10, 9.5 and 9 can only be given once by each judge in each class.

5. The highest and lowest points for each entrant will not be included in the total score.

6. The positions first, second and third must be decided clearly. In the event of equal scores, a second vote will be conducted.

7. Protest of any decisions of the judges will incur disqualification from the competition.

8. Every participant receives a diploma. The three winners of each class will receive a prize.

Monday, 27 August 2007

Great Bells of the British Isles

Here are 10 of the 36 "existing and former great bells of the British Isles". For the remaining 26, and details including the pitch and maker of each bell, see the The Guild of Carillonneurs in North America's page here

1. "Great Paul", St.Paul's Cathedral, London, England, 1881, 37483 lbs

2. "Big Ben" (original) Westminster, London, England, 1856, 35666 lbs

3. "Great George" Cathedral Church of Christ Liverpool, Merseyside, England, 1940, 33098 lbs

4. "Big Ben" (present) Westminster, London, England, 1858, 30339 lbs

5. "Great Peter" (present) Cathedral and Metropolitan Church of St. Peter, York, Yorkshire, England, 1927, 24270 lbs

6. "Great Peter" (original) Cathedral and Metropolitan Church of St. Peter, York, Yorkshire, England, 1845, 24080(+/-56) lbs

7. "Little John" Nottingham Council House, Nottingham, Notts, England, 1928, 23211 lbs

8. "Great George" Wills Tower (main building), Bristol University Bristol, Avon, England, 1925, 21439 lbs

9. "Joe o'Highmoor" Highmoor Bell Tower, Wigton, Cumbria, 1884, England, 19712(+/-56) lbs

10. "Great Abel" (present) Town Hall, Manchester, Gtr.Man., England, 1882, 18231 lbs

Tuesday, 21 August 2007

Famous cheerleaders

A list of famous people who were once cheerleaders. For more famous cheerleaders visit the page here

George W. Bush
President George W. Bush was a Cheerleader at Phillips Academy, Andover, MA

Steve Martin
This famous comedian can add Cheerleading to his many talents.

Halle Berry
This model turned actress was a Cheerleader, an honor society member, editor of the school paper, and class president in high school.

Katie Couric
Katie is Co-anchor of NBC's Today show and an Emmy Award winner.

Franklin D Roosevelt
Among his many other activities, our thirty-second President, was a football Cheerleader at Harvard.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg
A Supreme Court Justice, Ruth Bader Ginsburg was a Cheerleader at James Madison High School in Brooklyn, NY

Meryl Streep
Meryl was nominated for her first Academy Award for her role in her first film "The Deer Hunter". She is also a graduate of Vassar and Yale.

Wednesday, 15 August 2007

Extremely Expensive Desserts has released a list of the world's most expensive desserts. For more info see the website here

The Fortress Aquamarine ($14,500)
Brownie Extraordinaire with Saint Louis ($1,000)
Golden Opulence Sundae ($1,000)
The Sultan’s Golden Cake ($1,000)
The Dome’s Truffle Ice ($200)
The Madeleine Truffle ($250 per truffle, or $6,000 per pound)
“Entre” ($176)
King-size Imperial Torte ($57)
Valrhona Chocolate Sphere ($48)
Warm Golden Plum Soufflé ($48)

Wednesday, 8 August 2007

19th century American patent medicines

A list of colourful concoctions advertised in Melbourne’s Lorngnette (28 August 1878), via The Vapour Trail

Dr Merritt’s Scientific Ozone Inhaler
Dr Wistan’s Balsam of Wild Cherry
Dr Pierce’s Purgative Pellets
Hagan’s Magnolia Balm
Ozone or Active Oxygen
Pond’s Extract
Glen’s Sulphur Soap
American Bay Rum
Patey’s Cold Cream
Laid’s Bloom of Youth.

Islands and Lakes, Lakes and Islands

From "Some Interesting Islands and Lakes" Elbruz Publication 190567 here

Largest Island - Greenland (DEN)

Largest lake - Caspian Sea (RUS/KAZ/AZE/TKM/IRN)

Largest lake on an island - Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island (CAN)

Largest island in a lake - Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron (CAN)

Largest island in a lake on an island - Pulau Samosir in Danau Toba on
Sumatera (INA)

Largest lake on an island in a lake - Lake Manitou on Manitoulin Island
in Lake Huron (CAN)

Largest lake on an island in a lake on an island - Crater Lake on
Vulcano Island in Lake Taal on Luzon (PHI)

Largest island in a lake on an island in a lake - Island in Mindemoya
Lake on Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron (CAN)

Largest island in a lake on an island in a lake on an island - Vulcan
point in Crater Lake on Vulcano Island in Lake Taal on Luzon (PHI)

Sunday, 5 August 2007

Wikipedian riddle

Wikipedia's disambiguation pages list "articles associated with the same title" within Wikipedia. Here is the list for the title word "riddle".

Riddle may refer to:

Riddle, a form of a word puzzle
Riddling, a process in the production of sparkling wine
The Riddle (album), a 1984 album by Nik Kershaw
The Riddle, a title song from that album
The Riddle family/The House of Gaunt, in the Harry Potter series, of which the main antagonist, Lord Voldemort, is a descendant.
Jeremy Riddle, musician
Johnny Riddle (1905-1998), American baseball player
Nelson Riddle (1921-1985), band leader
Riddle, a city in Douglas County, Oregon, United States.
Riddle, Idaho
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, a private, 4-year college.
Riddle family, a family in J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter books.

Sunday, 29 July 2007

West Australian Invertebrates

(Just a few of the) Invertebrates Found At or Near The Walla Walla College Marine Station (Rosario) Fidalgo Island, Anacortes, WA. For many more visit the website here

Aggregating sea cucumber
Alaska falsejingle
Apple anemone
Bent nosed clam
Bubble snail
Cup and saucer snail
Dunce cap limpet
Eccentric sand dollar
Feather duster worm
Flat porcelain crab
Pale creeping pedal sea cucumber
Ruffled scaleworm
Ubiquitous brittle star
Western white slipper clam
Wrinkled sea squirt

Sunday, 22 July 2007

Simpsons episode titles featuring the word "D'oh"

For more info see the Wikipedia article here

"D'oh-in' in the Wind" (season 10)
"Days of Wine and D'oh'ses" (season 11)
"C.E. D'oh" (season 14)
"We're on the Road to D'ohwhere" (season 17)

Thursday, 19 July 2007

Tuesday, 17 July 2007

Butterflies 3: Antonym butterflies

List created using indexes of butterfly names at the North American Butterfly Association here, and Museum Victoria here

Clouded Sulphur - Cloudless Sulphur
Large Bronze Azure - Small Bronze Azure
Southern Broken-dash - Northern Broken-dash
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail - Western Tiger Swallowtail
Sunrise Skipper - Moon-marked Skipper
Tropical Checkered-Skipper - Desert Checkered-Skipper
Common Streaky-Skipper - Scarce Streaky-Skipper
Four-spotted Skipperling - Many-spotted Skipperling
Dull Copper - Bright Copper
Bramble Hairstreak - False Bramble Hairstreak

Butterflies 2: Shakespearean butterflies

Lines of Shakespeare that refer to a butterfly, created using the Shakespeare search function at Rhymezone

butterfly: and when he caught it, he let it go - Coriolanus: I, iii

Yet your butterfly was a grub. this marcius is grown - Coriolanus: V, iv

There is differency between a grub and a butterfly; - Coriolanus: V, iv

Sunday, 15 July 2007

Punctuation butterflies

Butterfly species named for the punctuation-like markings on their wings.

The Comma
The Question Mark

Friday, 13 July 2007

Songs featuring Cowbells

This selection from a large list at the Cowbell Project website here

ACDC - Thunderstruck
Avril Lavigne - Complicated
B'52s - Love Shack
Bangles - Hazy Shade Of Winter
Beatles - Hard Days Night
Billy Idol - White Wedding
Blues Brothers Band- Gimme' Some Lovin'
Bon Jovi - It's my Life
Britney Spears - Hit Me Baby One More Time
Dee Lite - Groove is in the Heart
Duran Duran - Reflex
EMF - Unbelievable
Frank Sinatra - My Way
Hall and Oates - Private Eyes
Inxs - Wild Life
Jimi Hendrix - Fire
Joe Cocker - Leave Your Hat On
John Denver - Annie's Song
Lionel Ritchie - All Night Long
Madonna - Justify My Love
Midnight Oil - Beds Are Burning
Pet Shop Boys - Always On My Mind
Pink - I'm Coming Up
Police - Roxanne
Prince - You Got The Look
Queen - Bohemian Rhapsody
Rolling Stones - Satisfaction
Salt n Pepper - Push It
Shania Twain - That Don't Impress Me Much
Simon & Garfunkle - Sounds of Silence
Twisted Sister - We're Not Going to Take It
Warrant - Cherry Pie

Thursday, 12 July 2007

Library of Congress Subject Headings Weekly List

The Library of Congress publishes an alphabetically arranged weekly list of new and changed subject headings. Here is the first part (A - L) of the most recent Weekly List published June 27, 2007. Changes to existing headings are indicated by an asterisk. (A) indicates proposals that were approved before the editorial meeting and (C) indicates proposals submitted by cooperating libraries. To view the full list see the website here

(C) 150 Adventure stories, Korean [May Subd Geog] [sp2007002880]
450 UF Korean adventure stories
550 BT Korean fiction

(C) 151 Aleta, Manantial de la (Dominican Republic) [sp2007003445]
451 UF Aleta Sinkhole (Dominican Republic)
451 UF Manantial de la Aleta (Dominican Republic)
550 BT Sinkholes--Dominican Republic

(C) 150 Alpha shapes [sp2007001826]
550 BT Polytopes
550 BT Shapes

(C) 151 Alsea River Estuary (Or.) [sp2007002635]
550 BT Estuaries--Oregon

150 Animals--Effect of roads on [May Subd Geog] [sp2007004640]
550 BT Roads
360 SA subdivision Effect of roads on under individual animals and
groups of animals, e.g. Fishes--Effect of roads on

(C) 150 Anthriscus [May Subd Geog] [sp2006000193]
053 QK495.U48 (Botany)
450 UF Chervil (Anthriscus)
550 BT Umbelliferae

150 Anthriscus sylvestris [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003886]
053 QK495.U48 (Botany)
450 UF Anthriscus silvestris
450 UF Bur chervil
450 UF Cow parsley
450 UF Keck
450 UF Parsley, Cow
450 UF Wild chervil
550 BT Anthriscus

(A) 100 Arcangeli family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003943]

150 Architecture [May Subd Geog] [sp 85006611 ]
* 450 UF Architecture, Western (Western countries)
* 450 UF Western architecture (Western countries)

(C) 150 Architecture, European [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007002866]
450 UF European architecture

(C) 150 Architecture, Talieng [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003449]
450 UF Talieng architecture

150 Art [May Subd Geog] [sp 85007461 ]
* 450 UF Art, Western CANCEL
* 450 UF Art, Western (Western countries)
* 450 UF Western art CANCEL
* 450 UF Western art (Western countries)

150 Art, Galician [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003944]
450 UF Galician art

151 Badger State Trail (Wis.) [sp2007004024]
550 BT Rail-trails--Wisconsin

(C) 151 Barkley Dam (Ky.) [sp2007002596]
550 BT Dams--Kentucky

110 Barrett Building (Cheyenne, Wyo.) [sp2007003935]
550 BT Public buildings--Wyoming

151 Bassett Creek (Md.) [sp2007004020]
550 BT Rivers--Maryland

151 Beacon Hill North Reservoir (Seattle, Wash.) [sp2007004026]
667 This heading is not valid for use as a geographic
451 UF Beacon North Reservoir (Seattle, Wash.)
550 BT Reservoirs--Washington (State)

151 Beacon Hill North Reservoir Dam (Seattle, Wash.) [sp2007004030]
667 This heading is not valid for use as a geographic
451 UF Beacon Hill Number Reservoir Dam (Seattle, Wash.)
550 BT Dams--Washington (State)

150 Beatrice (Fictitious character : Dante) [Not Subd Geog]

150 Beatrice (Name) [sp2007004646]
450 UF Bea (Name)
450 UF Beatrijs (Name)
450 UF Beatris (Name)
450 UF Beatrix (Name)
450 UF Beatriz (Name)
450 UF Betrys (Name)
450 UF Peakalika (Name)
550 BT Names, Personal

150 Beatrice (Name) in literature [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007004649]

(C) 151 Becher Point Wetlands (W.A.) [sp2007000949]
451 UF Becher Wetlands (W.A.)
550 BT Wetlands--Australia

150 Bolivian Americans [May Subd Geog] [sp2007004005]
053 E184.B674
450 UF Bolivian Americans--United States
550 BT Bolivians--United States
550 BT Ethnology--United States

150 Bolivians--United States [sp2007004035]

(A) 100 Borgmeier family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007002318]
400 UF Borgmeyer family

150 Bronchial provocation tests [May Subd Geog] [sp 85017078 ]
* 450 UF Bronchial allergen challenge
* 450 UF Endobranchial allergen challenge
* 550 BT Pulmonary function tests

100 Buras family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003889]

110 Casa de Jeronimo Pinelo (Seville, Spain) [sp2007003954]
410 UF Casa de los Pinelo (Seville, Spain)
410 UF Casa de Pinelo (Seville, Spain)
410 UF Jeronimo Pinelo, Casa de (Seville, Spain)
410 UF Pinelo House (Seville, Spain)
550 BT Dwellings--Spain

(C) 110 Casa Isella (Varese, Italy) [sp2007002582]
410 UF Isella House (Varese, Italy)
550 BT Dwellings--Italy
550 BT Exhibition buildings--Italy

(C) 150 Ceviche [sp2007003424]
450 UF Cebiche
450 UF Seviche
550 BT Cookery (Fish)

(C) 150 Charlotte (Fictitious character : Levert) [Not Subd Geog]

(C) 150 Chinaski, Henry (Fictitious character) [Not Subd Geog]
450 UF Chinaski, Hank (Fictitious character)
450 UF Hank Chinaski (Fictitious character)
450 UF Henry Chinaski (Fictitious character)

(A) 100 Choice family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003882]
400 UF Choyce family

* 150 Choruses, Secular (Men's voices, 4 parts) with piano and reed organ
150 Choruses, Secular (Men's voices, 4 parts) with keyboard ensemble
[May Subd Geog] [sp 85024877 ]
053 M1539
450 UF Choruses, Secular (Men's voices, 4 parts) with piano and reed

150 Church work with youth with social disabilities [May Subd Geog]
550 BT Youth with social disabilities

150 Church work with youth with social disabilities--Baptists,
[Catholic Church, etc.] [sp2007003869]

(C) 110 Clifford Davis and Ordell Horton Federal Building (Memphis, Tenn.)
410 UF Clifford Davis Federal Building (Memphis, Tenn.)
410 UF Davis and Horton Federal Building (Memphis, Tenn.)
550 BT Public buildings--Tennessee

150 Coarse-haired pocket mice [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003996]
053 QL737.R66 (Zoology)
450 UF Burtognathus
450 UF Chaetodipus
450 UF Hispid pocket mice
550 BT Heteromyidae
550 BT Pocket mice

(C) 150 Compton, Elizabeth Hartleigh (Fictitious character)
[Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003824]
450 UF Elizabeth Hartleigh Compton (Fictitious character)
450 UF Lady Elizabeth Hartleigh Compton (Fictitious character)

150 Conceptual art [May Subd Geog] [sp 85029624 ]
* 053 NX600.C6 (The arts) CANCEL
* 053 N6494.C63 (Visual arts) CANCEL
* 550 BT Art, Modern--21st century

(C) 150 Concert television programs [May Subd Geog] [sp2007002594]
450 UF Television concerts
550 BT Television programs

(C) 151 Conestoga River Water Trail (Pa.) [sp2007003579]
550 BT Water trails--Pennsylvania

(A) 150 Cornish Americans [May Subd Geog] [sp2007004033]
053 E184.C6
450 UF Cornish Americans--United States
550 BT Cornish--United States
550 BT Ethnology--United States

150 Couplets, Persian [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003880]
450 UF Persian couplets
550 BT Persian poetry

(C) 151 Crastoeiro Site (Mondim de Basto, Portugal) [sp2007003518]
667 This heading is not valid for use as a geographic
451 UF Alto do Muro Site (Mondim de Basto, Portugal)
551 BT Portugal--Antiquities

* 150 Cruise missiles [May Subd Geog] ADD GEOG [sp 85034367 ]

150 Death--Proof and certification (Islamic law) [May Subd Geog]
053 KBP1864
550 BT Islamic law

(C) 150 Deecee (Fictitious character : Jolin) [Not Subd Geog]
* 450 UF Binoo (Fictitious character : Jolin)

(C) 151 Delaware River Water Trail [sp2007003582]
550 BT Water trails--United States

100 Denes family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003890]
400 UF Denesse family
400 UF Dennes family
500 RT Dennis family

100 Dennis family [Not Subd Geog] [sp 85036834 ]
* 500 RT Denes family

(C) 100 Desbosch, Barons of [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007002882]
400 UF Barons of Desbosch
550 BT Nobility--Spain

(C) 150 Desert pocket mouse [May Subd Geog] [sp2004004963]
* 550 BT Coarse-haired pocket mice
* 550 BT Pocket mice CANCEL

(C) 150 Disappointment--Religious aspects--Baptists, [Catholic Church,
etc.] [sp2007003436]

(C) 151 Drift Creek (Drift Creek Wilderness-Alsea River Estuary, Or.)
550 BT Rivers--Oregon

(C) 151 Drift Creek Watershed (Drift Creek Wilderness-Alsea River Estuary,
Or.) [sp2007002646]
550 BT Watersheds--Oregon

(C) 151 Drift Creek Wilderness (Or.) [sp2007002647]
550 BT National parks and reserves--Oregon
550 BT Wilderness areas--Oregon

(C) 150 Dulaney, McLeod (Fictitious character) [Not Subd Geog]
450 UF McLeod Dulaney (Fictitious character)
450 UF Professor McLeod Delaney (Fictitious character)

(C) 110 Durlston Castle (England) [sp2007000938]
410 UF Durlston Head Castle (England)
550 BT Castles--England
550 BT Follies (Architecture)--England

(C) 110 Dymock's Building (Bo'ness, Scotland) [sp2007003423]
550 BT Dwellings--Scotland

(C) 150 End-to-end delay (Computer networks) [May Subd Geog]
450 UF Delay, End-to-end (Computer networks)
550 BT Computer networks

(C) 150 Ethnocentrism in art [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007002761]

150 Exiles' writings, Catalan [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003987]
450 UF Catalan exiles' writings
550 BT Catalan literature

150 Express highways--North Carolina [sp2007004014]

150 Express highways--South Carolina [sp2007004015]

(C) 150 Film novelizations [May Subd Geog] [sp 96004845 ]
* 450 UF Movie novels

(C) 150 Fishes--Effect of roads on [May Subd Geog] [sp2007002617]
681 Example under Animals--Effect of roads on

150 Fonte Gaia (Siena, Italy) [sp2007003936]
450 UF Gaia Fountain (Siena, Italy)
550 BT Fountains--Italy

150 Gall wasps [May Subd Geog] [sp 85052835 ]
* 450 UF Cynipids
* 450 UF Gallwasps
* 450 UF Wasps, Gall CANCEL
* 550 BT Wasps

(C) 150 Gas War, Bolivia, 2003 [sp2007003496]
450 UF Black October, Bolivia, 2003
450 UF Bolivian Gas War, Bolivia, 2003
551 BT Bolivia--History--1982-
550 BT Demonstrations--Bolivia

(A) 100 Ginnold family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007004034]

* 150 Goats, Fossil CANCEL
150 Capra, Fossil [May Subd Geog] [sp 85055498 ]
053 QE882.U3
550 BT Bovidae, Fossil

(C) 150 Gorges--Utah [sp2007002599]

(C) 151 Great Fish River Estuary (South Africa) [sp2007002616]
451 UF Great Fish Estuary (South Africa)
550 BT Estuaries--South Africa

(C) 150 Green Arrow (Fictitious character) [Not Subd Geog]
450 UF Oliver Queen (Fictitious character)
450 UF Queen, Oliver (Fictitious character)

(C) 150 Green porcelain crab [May Subd Geog] [sp2007002579]
053 QL444.M33 (Zoology)
450 UF Petrolisthes armatus
550 BT Petrolisthes

(C) 150 Greenhouse gas mitigation--Law and legislation [May Subd Geog]
550 BT Environmental law

(C) 151 Hambach 512 Site (Niederzier, Germany) [sp2007002699]
667 This heading is not valid for use as a geographic
451 UF HA 512 Site (Niederzier, Germany)
551 BT Germany--Antiquities

(C) 151 Hambach 516 Site (Niederzier, Germany) [sp2007002705]
667 This heading is not valid for use as a geographic
451 UF HA 516 Site (Niederzier, Germany)
551 BT Germany--Antiquities

(C) 150 Highlander sport utility vehicle [Not Subd Geog]
450 UF Toyota Highlander sport utility vehicle
550 BT Sport utility vehicles
550 BT Toyota trucks

100 Hingle family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003888]

(C) 150 Historical fiction, Slovenian [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003825]
450 UF Slovenian historical fiction
550 BT Slovenian fiction

(C) 110 House of the Silver Wedding (Pompeii) [sp2007002583]
410 UF Casa delle Nozze d'argento (Pompeii)
410 UF Nozze d'Argento, Casa delle (Pompeii)
410 UF Silver Wedding, House of the (Pompeii)
550 BT Dwellings--Italy
551 BT Italy--Antiquities

150 Imino sugars [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003871]
053 QP702.I45
450 UF Iminosugars
550 BT Imino compounds
550 BT Sugars

150 Inhaca (Afro-Brazilian deity) [Not Subd Geog] [sp
89000924 ]
* 550 BT Gods, Afro-Brazilian

* 151 Inland Empire CANCEL
151 Inland Empire (Pacific Northwest) [sp 90006012 ]
680 Here are entered works on the area of the northwestern United
States between the Cascade Range and Rocky Mountains, comprising
eastern Washington, northeastern Oregon, northern Idaho, and
extreme western Montana.
451 UF Empire, Inland (Pacific Northwest)
451 UF Inland Northwest
451 UF Inland Pacific Northwest
451 UF Inland West (U.S.)
451 UF Northwest, Inland
451 UF Pacific Northwest, Inland
451 UF West, Inland (U.S.)

(C) 151 Interstate 26 [sp2007002703]
451 UF I-26
451 UF Interstate Highway 26
550 BT Express highways--North Carolina
550 BT Express highways--South Carolina
550 BT Express highways--Tennessee

(C) 151 Jackson-Everson Site (N.Y.) [sp2007003409]
551 BT New York (State)--Antiquities

(A) 100 Ja®brzykowski family [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003817]

(C) 151 Jordan Narrows (Utah) [sp2007002598]
550 BT Gorges--Utah

(C) 151 Kern Mountains (Nev. and Utah) [sp2007002785]
550 BT Mountains--Nevada
550 BT Mountains--Utah

(C) 151 Kiski-Conemaugh River Water Trail (Pa.) [sp2007003362]
550 BT Water trails--Pennsylvania

151 Kramer Forst (Germany) [sp2007003999]
451 UF Kramer Forest Regional Park (Germany)
451 UF Kramer Forst Regional Park (Germany)
550 BT Forest reserves--Germany
550 BT Parks--Germany

150 Kull (The Arabic word) [sp2007003980]
550 BT Arabic language--Etymology

150 Kyo pottery [May Subd Geog] [sp 85073563 ]
* 450 UF Porcelain, Kyo CANCEL
* 450 UF Pottery, Kyo

(C) 150 Latkes [May Subd Geog] [sp2007001521]
450 UF Latkas
450 UF Potato latkes
550 BT Potato pancakes

(C) 150 Leptopilina [May Subd Geog] [sp2006000321]
053 QL568.C9 (Zoology)
550 BT Gall wasps

(C) 150 Leptopilina boulardi [May Subd Geog] [sp2006000320]
053 QL568.C9 (Zoology)
450 UF Charips mahensis
450 UF Cothonaspis boulardi
550 BT Leptopilina

(C) 150 Lexus RX sport utility vehicle [Not Subd Geog] [sp2007003490]
450 UF Lexus RX 300 sport utility vehicle
450 UF Lexus RX 330 sport utility vehicle
450 UF RX 300 sport utility vehicle
450 UF RX 330 sport utility vehicle
550 BT Lexus automobile
550 BT Sport utility vehicles

150 Literature [Not Subd Geog] [sp 85077507 ]
* 450 UF Western literature CANCEL
* 450 UF Western literature (Western countries)

(C) 151 Lower Susquehanna River Water Trail (Pa.) [sp2007003576]
451 UF Lower Susquehanna River Trail (Pa.)
451 UF Susquehanna River Water Trail--Lower Section (Pa.)
550 BT Water trails--Pennsylvania

(C) 150 Lullabies, Hebrew [May Subd Geog] [sp2007003431]
450 UF Hebrew lullabies

Tuesday, 10 July 2007

Hemingway's cats

Names of some of the 60 cats residing at the Hemingway Home and Museum

Pauline (Mama)
Cat Nap
Emily Dickinson
Simone De Beauvoir
Nikki Adams
Spencer Tracy
Audrey Hepburn
Pablo Picasso
Joan Crawford
Trevor Howard
Sofia Loren
Charley Chaplin

Monday, 9 July 2007

Waterfall terminology

A cascade of words from the World Waterfall Database here

A term used to describe the relative ease or difficulty in reaching a waterfall.

Angle of Repose
The steepest slope in which a particular sediment will lie motionless without falling or sliding.

A flat-floored, often vertically walled channel of an intermittent stream typical of semiarid climates. Commonly observed in the southwestern United States. Synonymous with Wadi and Wash.

A fine-grained igneous (volcanic) rock, dominated by dark-colored minerals, consisting of plagioclase feldspars (over 50 percent) and ferro-magnesian silicates. Basalts and andesites represent about 98 percent of all extrusive rocks on earth. Commonly seen in regions synonymous with volcanic activity (Iceland, New Zealand, Northwestern North America, Japan).

The bottom of a waterfall formation.

The solid rock substrate beneath which lies beneath more permeable materials (such as soil, gravel or water). Often the term is used to describe the rock formation which a waterfall descends over.

A form of a waterfall. A waterfall in a Block form occurs over a wide breadth of the stream. The waterfall must be wider than it is tall. A waterfall with this form does not have to be a solid sheet of water across it's entire width.

Boulder Garden
A term used to describe a steep section of a stream, where the water cascades over, under, and between large boulders which line the riverbed.

The top of a waterfall. Also referred to as the Crest.

To clear a path through thick vegetation. More commonly, this term is used to describe any off-trail, or cross country travel, which involves navigating heavily forested ground, in which a large, sharp blade (ex. machete) would aid in travel.

A steep sided and flat topped hill formed by erosion of flat laying strata where remnants of a resistant layer protect the softer rocks underneath. Also applied to small, usually dormant or extinct volcanoes known as Cinder Cones, which usually stand less than 1000 feet above the outlying plain.

A deep, narrow, steep-sided (often vertical-walled) valley, usually with a watercourse flowing through it.

An overlying rock layer that is more resistant to weathering than formations located beneath it. Waterfalls dropping over cap rock formations tend to be classified as a Plunge, Block or Curtain form.

A form of a waterfall. A waterfall of a Cascade form descends over, gradually sloping rocks, a series of small steps in quick succession, or a rugged sloping surface of some kind. Cascades can be both gradual and steep.

A terms used to describe vertical waterfalls which possess a large volume of water. Often used synonymously with "Plunge".

A steep-walled hollow, shaped like a half-bowl or amphitheater, formed by glaciation and frost wedging. Cirques are found in mountainous regions populated with glaciers, or which have had a history of being glaciated. The term Headwall can often be used interchangeably with Cirque, but not vice versa.

Detrital sedimentary rock made up of compressed, poorly sorted dust, sand, pebbles and small stones. Conglomerate rock looks like sandstone with large pebbles and small stones infused throughout.

Contour Lines
A line on a topographic map representing a certain elevation at a certain location. Space between two contour lines represents a change in elevation by the interval the contour lines represent.

Contours represent the vertical, or third, dimension on a topographic map. They show the shape and size of physical features such as mountains, hills and valleys.

See "Brink".

A term used to describe the movement of water in a stream.

A form of a waterfall. Curtain waterfalls occur along a wide breadth of stream where the falls must be taller than it is wide.

The amount of water to pass a given point on a stream, per unit of time. Usually expressed in cubic feet or cubic meters of water per second.

Movement of earthen material from one place to another on earth's surface. Natural causes of erosion include gravity, water movement, glaciation, and wind.

An often vertical, or near vertical, slope or cliff at the edge of a plateau or ridge, which often stretches for several miles. Usually formed by erosion.

The vertical surface of a cliff. In this case, the rock surface where the water is falling. Also known as Cliff Face.

A form of a waterfall. Waterfalls of a Fan form occur when the breadth of the water in the waterfall increases during it's decent, causing the base of the falls to appear much wider than the top of the falls.

A deep, steep-walled, U-shaped valley formed by glaciation, which has been flooded by seawater. Typically, waterfalls in this formation drop from hanging valleys. Fjords are commonly found in New Zealand, Canada, southern Argentina and Norway.

A large mass of ice which persists throughout the year, and moves slowly downslope in a liquid manor by it's own weight. Glaciers are formed in areas where the winter snow doesn't have a chance to melt, and consecutive snowfalls accumulate and compress into ice.

A coarse-grained regional metamorphic rock that shows compositional banding and parallel alignment of minerals.

A deep, usually narrow ravine, or canyon, often with vertical walls, usually with a watercourse running through it.

The slope of stream bed or land surface within a given distance. Expressed in percentage, feet per mile, meters per kilometer, or in degrees.

A coarse-grained, intrusive igneous (volcanic) rock composed of quartz, orthoclase feldspar, sodic plagioclase feldspar, and micas. Waterfalls flowing over granitic bedrock are often characterized by water sculpture and polishing.

A variety of sandstone generally characterized by hardness, dark color, and angular grains of quartz, feldspar, and small rock fragments set in a matrix of clay-sized particles. Also known as Lithic Sandstone.

A depression indicated on a topographic map by short dashes, which point towards the center of the depression. Often used to mark rock quarries or volcanic craters.

Hanging Valley
A valley most often formed as a result of glaciation, where a large glacier erodes a valley, at a perpendicular angle to the hanging valley, to a deeper extent. The result is that of a small valley intersecting a larger valley at an elevation noticeably above the bottom of the larger valley. Hanging valleys can be, but are not always, eroded by a glacier.

The measurement of a waterfall from it's brink to it's base. Often not an exact science, as placing the brink and base of a waterfall is sometimes ambiguous and arbitrary.

A form of a waterfall. Horsetail waterfalls are characterized by the constant or semi-constant contact the water keeps with the bedrock as it falls. Horsetail waterfalls can be almost vertical, as well as very gradual.

Igneous Rock
An aggregate of interlocking silicate minerals formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous rocks are formed by volcanic processes.

Breaks in rock mass with no relative movement of rock on opposite sides of the break.

Karst Topography
Irregular topography characterized by sink holes, caves, streamless valleys, and underground streams; all developed by the actions of surface and underground water in soluble rocks, such as limestone or soapstone.

A distinct point of sudden or abrupt steepening in the gradient of a streambed, often indicating the presence of a waterfall.

Sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral Calcite (CaCO3), formed by either organic or inorganic processes. Most limestones have clastic texture, but nonclastic, particularly crystalline, textures are common.

Metamorphic rock of granular texture, with no rock cleavage, and composed of Calcite (Marble), Dolomite, or both.

Metamorphic Rock
Any type of rock which changes in texture or composition, after it's original formation, as a result of extreme heat, pressure, or chemically active fluids.

Meters of Head
A term used by the hydropower industry to describe the elevation change between two points on a watercourse, often above and below a large waterfall, which would result in the production of a given amount of electricity. Measurements of Meters of Head are often not a true representation of the actual height of a waterfall, but are commonly, and incorrectly used as such.

The direction a waterfall faces, or the direction in which a watercourse flows over a waterfall.

A typically extensive land area, having a relatively level surface raised sharply above adjacent land on at least one side.

A form of a waterfall. The classic and overly cliched waterfall form, where the water drops vertically, losing most, or all contact with the rock face. This waterfall form has also been referred to as a "Cataract" and a "Vertical" form waterfall.

Plunge Pool
A pool at the base of a waterfall formed by hydraulic erosion.

A form of a waterfall. Punchbowl waterfalls, coined from the famous Punch Bowl Falls in Oregon, occur where the stream is constricted to a narrow breadth and is forcefully shot outward and downward into a large pool.

Metamorphic rock commonly formed by metamorphism of sandstone and composed of quartz. No rock cleavage. Quartzite breaks through sand grains in contrast to sandstone, which breaks around sand grains.

A section of a stream where the current has a moderate velocity, the surface is broken by extruding rocks and debris, producing frothy "whitewater", and the gradient of the stream remains shallow.

The horizontal distance in which the elevation change of a waterfall takes place. Also know as Runout.

Detrital sedimentary rock formed by cementation of individual grains of sand size and commonly composed of mineral quartz.

Metamorphic rock dominated by fibrous or platy minerals. Schist has a schistose plain of cleavage, and is product of regional metamorphism.

see Talus.

Sedimentary Rock
Rock formed from accumulations of sediment, which may consist of rock fragments of various sizes, remains or products of animals or plants, products of chemical action or of evaporation, or any mixture of these. Stratification is the single most characteristic feature of sedimentary rocks, which cover about 75 percent of earth's land area.

A form of a waterfall. Segmented waterfalls occur where the stream is broken into two or more channels before descending over the cliff, causing multiple falls to occur side by side.

Fine-grained, detrital sedimentary rock made up of silt and clay sized particles. Contains clay minerals as well as particles of quartz, feldspar, calcite, dolomite, and other minerals. Shale has a parallel plain of cleavage.

A depression in the surface of the earth caused by the collapse of the roof of a cave or cavern.

Fine-grained metamorphic rock with well-developed slaty cleavage. Formed by low-grade regional metamorphism of shale.

A form of a waterfall. Similar to a cascade, a Slide type waterfall descends a smooth, gradual bedrock surface. Slide waterfalls maintain constant contact with the bedrock, and are often seen in areas where granitic rocks are common.

A feature where the water table intersects the land surface and water flows from underground at a more or less continuous rate.

A constantly moving body of water, confined to the lowest possible depression in the earth's surface. The term Stream on this site refers to any size watercourse. Synonymous with Brook, Creek and River.

A slope consisting of rocks and boulders which have cleaved off of an adjacent cliff face. Talus is often found at the bottom of a waterfall. The term "talus" is also widely used to describe rock debris itself. Synonymous with Scree.

A form of a waterfall. Tiered waterfalls are characterized by multiple distinct drops in relatively close succession to one another. Whether or not a waterfall with two visible drops counts as a tiered waterfall is up to the beholder.

Topographic Map
A schematic drawing representing landforms indicated by conventionalized symbols, such as contours and hachures. Often referred to as a Topo Map. See also: Contour Line, Contours, and Hachures.

A terrestrial deposit of limestone formed in caves and around hot springs where cooling, carbonate-saturated groundwater is exposed to the air.

A smaller stream which feeds into a larger stream. The size of the smaller stream is relative to that of the larger stream (the smaller stream is always the tributary).

An elongated depression of the earth's surface, usually between ranges of hills or mountains. Also, an area drained by a stream or river and their tributaries.

Also known as a Drainage Basin. Area from which a given stream and its tributaries receive water.

The width of a waterfall formation, sometimes measured at the brink, sometimes taken as an average width of the waterfall.

Friday, 6 July 2007

Weather lore and proverbs

This list compiled by David Phillips, Senior Climatologist at Environment Canada. From the website here

The moon and the weather may change together,
But a change of the moon, will not change the weather.

A ring around the sun or moon, means rain or snow coming soon.

When grass is dry at morning light
Look for rain before the night.

Dew on the grass, rain won't come to pass.

Sea gull, sea gull, sit on the sand,
It's never good weather while you're on the land.

When sea-gulls fly to land, a storm is at hand.

Rain before seven, fine before eleven.
Evening red and morning grey, two sure signs of one fine day.

The sudden storm lasts not three hours
The sharper the blast, the sooner 'tis past.

The higher the clouds the better the weather.

Cold is the night when the stars shine bright.

Sound travelling far and wide, a stormy day betide.

When the forest murmurs and the mountain roars,
Then close your windows and shut your doors.

When leaves show their undersides, be very sure that rain betides.

Chimney smoke descends, our nice weather ends.

When the night goes to bed with a fever, it will awake with a wet head.

When stars shine clear and bright,
We will have a very cold night.

When the ditch and pond offend the nose,
Then look out for rain and stormy blows.

Three days rain will empty any sky.

The farther the sight, the nearer the rain.

Rain long foretold, long last,
Short notice, soon will pass.

The sharper the blast, the sooner 'tis past.

If bees stay at home, rain will soon come,
If they flay away, fine will be the day.

The first and last frosts are the worst.

When clouds look like black smoke a wise man will put on his cloak.

A rainbow afternoon,
Good weather coming soon.

A rainbow in the morning, is the shepherd's warning
A rainbow at night is the shepherd's delight.

When the chairs squeak, it's of rain they speak.

Catchy drawer and sticky door,
Coming rain will pour and pour.

The winds of the daytime wrestle and fight,
Longer and stronger than those of the night.

Dust rising in dry weather is a sign of approaching change.

Sun sets Friday clear as bell,
Rain on Monday sure as hell.

No weather's ill if the wind be still.

The squeak of the snow will the temperature show.

When smoke hovers close to the ground, there will be a weather change.

When down the chimney falls the soot
Mud will soon be underfoot.

When the sun shines while raining,
it will rain the same time again tomorrow.

When the wind blows from the west, fish bite best.
When it blows from the east, fish bite least.

If salt is sticky,
And gains in weight;
It will rain
Before too late.

Red sky at night, sailor's delight;
Red sky in morning, sailor take warning.

When clouds appear like rocks and towers,
The Earth's refreshed by frequent showers.

When the wind is in the east, 'tis neither good for man nor beast.

The more cloud types present, the greater the chance of rain or snow.

Tuesday, 26 June 2007

Pinball Machines of 1931

A list of pinball machines released in 1931 (arranged by date) from a search of the Internet Pinball Machine Database. One can search the database using various criteria, see extra list below...

1931- Champion Whiffle
1931- Whiffle Bagatelle
1931-01 - Stop and Sock
1931-03 - Karom Golf
1931-03 - Whoopee Game
1931-05 - Kew-Pin-Ball
1931-05 - Roll-A-Ball
1931-06 - Ace Is High
1931-06 - Big Boy
1931-06 - Dutch Pool
1931-06 - Kew Pin Golf Table
1931-06 - Snickerette (Deluxe)
1931-06 - Whiffle Board
1931-06 - Widget
1931-07 - Bingo
1931-08 - Bingo
1931-09 - Bingo
1931-10 - Jostle
1931-10 - The Cedar Ball
1931-10 - Variety
1931-11 - Baffle Ball
1931-11 - Baffle Ball
1931-11 - Bingo Ball
1931-11 - Bunnyboard
1931-11 - El Bumpo
1931-11 - Hy-Skor
1931-11 - New Roll-A-Ball/Hit The Goal
1931-11 - Stop and Sock
1931-12 - Baffle Ball Home Game
1931-12 - Buster Ball
1931-12 - Rollet
1931-12 - Skillo
1931-12 - Yo Yo
1931-12 - Bingo

List of search criteria

Machine Name
Game Type (Solid State Electronic (SS) Electro-Mechanical (EM) Pure Mechanical)
Master Processing Unit (MPU)
Model Number
Year of Release
No. of Players
Games Produced
Game Has (Owners List, Plastic Scans, Additional Information)
Game Theme
Notable Features
Playfield Toys
Photo References
Rule Sheets

Sunday, 24 June 2007

Sand Castle Contests

A list of sand castle contests from around the world. For more information, visit Sand Castle Central here.


Australia, Victoria, Rye - Feb


Luliang, China - April
Borocay Island, Phillipines - Oct.


Mandal, South of Norway - July
Figuiera do Foz, Portugal - July
Cervia , Italy - Aug.

Canada- East

Sainte-Anne-de-Portneuf, Quebec July
Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Québec - August
Expo Cite Quebec, Aug


Alberta, July
Pacific National Exhibition International, Vaqncouver, B.C. - Aug.
Parksville, BC, Aug
World Championship, Harrison Hot Springs, BC - Sept.

US-East Coast

Clearwater Beach, FL - May
Hampton Beach, NH - June
Isle of Palms, SC - June
Belmar, NJ - July
Edgartown, MA - Aug.
Amagansett Bay, NY - Aug
Rehoboth Beach, Delaware - Aug.
Crane Beach, Mass. - Aug.
Virginia Beach Neptunefest - Sept..


Port Aransas, TX: April
Pensacola Beach, FL - June
Galveston TX (AIA), June
Corpus Christi, TX, June
South Padre Island, TX - Oct.
Ft. Myers Beach, FL - Nov.
US-West Coast
Pacific Beach, WA - May
Alameda, CA - June
Cannon Beach -June
Crown Beach,CA - June
Ocean Shores, WA - June
Spokane Sand in the City - July
Port Angeles, WA - July
Long Beach, WA - July
San Clemente, CA - July
Imperial Beach CA, July
Santa Barbara - August
Sand in the City - Olympia, WA - Aug.
Arcata, CA, August
Westport, WA, Sept.
Santa Barbara - Sept.
Sand in the City - Bellingham, WA - Sept..
Drake's Beach, CA - Sept.

US - Landlocked & Midwest

Great Sand Dunes National Monument, CO , June
Grand Haven, MI - June
Sand in the City, Omaha - June
Sand in the City, Ottumwa, Iowa - June
Sand in the City, Bowling Green, KY - July
Lake McConaughy, Ogallala, Nebraska - July
Sand in the City, Bowling Green, KY - Aug.
South/Cental America/Carribean
Peruvian Championships -Jan.
Puerto Rico - May

Thursday, 21 June 2007

The Big List of Birthday Party Ideas

For more information on any of the party ideas listed, see the website here

Airplane Party
Alphabet Party
Aquarium Party
Army Party
Around the World Party
Arts and Crafts Party
Autumn Harvest Party
Backwards Party
Barbie Party
Barnyard Party
Baseball Party
Batman Party
Beach Party
Beach Party (feature)
Blues Clues Party
Book Parties
Bowling Party
Bratz Party
Breakfast Party
Bug Party
Buzz Lightyear
Butterfly Party
Camping Party
Candyland Party
Care Bears Party
Carnival Party
Cartoon Characters
Christmas Party
Christmas Cookie Party
Cinderella Party
Circus Party
Clifford the Big Red Dog
Clown Party
Color Party
Construction Party
Cooking Party
Cowboy Party
Cowgirl Party
Curious George
Dalmatian Party
Dance Party -
Dance Star (feature story)
Dinosaur Party
Disney Princess Party
Dog Party
Dora the Explorer Party
Dress-Up Party
Dress-up (feature story)
Easter Party
Elmo Party
Egyptian Party
Fairy Party
Farm Party
Fear Factor Party
Fifties Party
Fire Truck Parties
Fire Truck Party (feature)
Fishing Party
Food and Snacks
Frog Party
Garden Party
Goodie Bags
Gymnastics Party
Halloween Party
Halloween (feature story)
Harry Potter Party
Hoe Down Party
Hollywood Premier Party
Ice Cream Party
Ice Skating Party
Incredibles Party
Jungle Party
Karaoke Party
Kim Possible Party
Knights of Round Table
Ladybug Party
Laser Tag Party (feature)
Lego Party
Lilo & Stitch Party
Luau Party
Makeover Party
Mall Party
Miniature Golf Party
Miscellaneous -
Movie Theater Party
Mystery Party
Olympics Party
Oscar Party
Party Favors
Peter Pan Party
Pharaoh Party
Pirate Party
Pirates of the Caribbean
Pizza Parlor & Fun Zone
Playdoh Party
Play Party
Pokemon Party
Pony Party
Pooh - Winnie the Pooh
Pool Party
Princess Party
Racing Party
Rescue Heroes Party
Restaurant Party
Rock Star Party
Rock Climbing Party
Rodeo Party
Roller Skating Party
Rubber Ducky Party
Safari Party
Salon Party (feature)
Scooby Doo Party
Scavenger Hunt Party
Science Party
Science (feature story)
Scrapbook Party
Sesame Street Party
Sixties Party
Sleep Over Party
Snow and Snowman
Snow White Party
Spa Party
Space Party
Spiderman Party
Splash in the Backyard
SpongeBob Squarepants
Sports Party
Spy Party
Star Wars Party
Strawberry Shortcake
St. Patrick's Day Party
Super Hero Party
Superman Party
Surprise Party
Survivor Party
Sweet 16 Party
Tea Party
Tea Party (feature story)
Teddy Bear Party
Teletubbies Party
Thomas the Tank Engine
Tie Dye Party
Toy Story Party
Train Party
Train Party (feature)
Under the Sea
Unicorn Party
Valentine Party
Veggie Tales Party
Western Style Party
Western (feature story)
Wiggles Party
Willy Wonka Party
Winnie the Pooh
Winter Snow and Sledding
Wizard of Oz Party
Woody and Buzz Lightyear
Zoo Party
Zorro Party
4th of July Party
50s and 60s Party
All the other parties not listed.

Friday, 15 June 2007

New Jersey’s “Roster of the Ridiculous”

In 2004, 4,078 unusual items were collected by Beach Sweep volunteers from New Jersey's beaches. Here is a list of items designated by the volunteers as the "most unusual". To view the full list, see the report here

Wash-n-Wear (500)

182 Socks, 78 Shirts, 65 Hats & Caps, 43 Cloth Gloves,

27 Underwear, 25 Dryer Sheets, 19 Pants/Shorts,

9 Amusement Park Wrist Bands, 9 Clothing Belts,

7 Buttons, 6 Headbands, 5 Jackets, 5 Shoelaces,

5 Sweaters, 4 Scarves or Bandanas, 2 Back Packs,

2 Coats, 2 Pairs of Pantyhose, 2 Pieces of Velcro,

Belt Buckle, Raincoat, and a Dress Shoulder Pad

Weird Science (18)

7 Rubber Stoppers, 4 Glass Test Tubes, Acid Container

(part), Inflatable “Earth,” Magnet, Meter stick, Pipe

Cleaner, Suction Cup, and a Weather Balloon

The Undersea World (34)

13 “O” rings, 10 Ear Plugs, 6 Swimsuits, 3 Swim

Goggles/Masks, Scuba Fins, and a Wetsuit

Tool Time (57)

8 Paint Brushes & Rollers, 5 Clamps, 5 Saw Blades,

3 Flashlights, 3 Garden Hoses, 3 Screwdrivers,

3 Shovels, 3 Tarps, 2 Measuring Tapes, 2 Misc. Tools,

2 Pieces of Sandpaper, 2 Thermoses, 2 Watering Cans,

a 5-Gallon Jug, a 5-Gallon Metal Bucket, Construction

Lamp Guard, Exacto Knife, Funnel, Garden Hose Roller,

Grinding Tool, Pliers, Snow Brush, Tool Belt, Tool Box,

Water Nozzle, Wooden Ladder, and a Wrench

Buried Treasure (45)

11 Lottery Cards & Tickets, 8 Rings, 6 Tokens,

5 Necklaces, 5 Watches, 3 Bracelets, 3 Ear-rings,

Credit Card, Jewelry Bag, Phone Card, Wallet, and

$0.54 in change

Holidays at the Shore (38)

24 Easter Eggs, 2 Artificial Christmas Trees,

2 Christmas Ornaments, 2 Easter Grass, 2 Gift Bows,

Easter Basket, Halloween Prop, Halloween Skull, New

Years Party Streamers, and a set of Vampire Teeth

Wild World of Sports (302)

100 Miscellaneous Balls, 42 Tennis Balls, 23 Golf Balls,

12 Pieces of Surf Wax, 10 Bike Reflectors, 7 Baseballs,

6 Bikes, 6 Boogie Boards, 5 Golf Tees, 4 Footballs,

3 Frisbees, 3 Hockey Pucks, 3 Knee Pads, 3 Shower/

Swim Caps, 2 Baseball Bats, 2 Horseshoes, 2 Mouth

Guards, 2 Skateboards, Badminton Birdie, Bar Bell

Weight, Bike Light, Bike Part, Bike Seat, Bungee Cord/

Surf Leash, Golf Glove, Hackey Sack, Hockey Stick,

Paddle Ball Paddle, Paint Ball, Ping-Pong Ball, Snow

Sled, Soccer Ball, Soccer Shin Guard, Softballs, Tennis

Racket, Volleyball Net, Whistle, and 47 Beach Chairs

Odds-n-Ends (804)

563 Fire Cracker/Fireworks Parts, 123 Crack Vials &

Bags, 42 Rubber Hoses/Tubing, 10 Pieces of Bubble

Wrap, 8 Flubber/Rubber Blobs, 8 Oil/Tar Blobs,

8 Plastic Crates/Baskets/Tubs, 6 Beach Badges,

4 Flags, 3 Salt Bags, 2 Fire Hoses, 2 Pieces of Florist

Foam, 2 Metal Wheels, 2 US Flags, “Intrepid Museum”

Wrist Band, “Nazi” Pin, “Yankee” Ticket (7/5/04), Beach

Badge (1989), Beach Badge (1975 Bradley

Beach -daily), Box of Rat Poison, Casino Cups,

Dreidel, Flag Pole, Gas Mask, Gum Ball Machine,

Helium Tank, Metal Bench, Metal Seahorse, Sex Toy,

Shopping Carts, Some “Fuzzy” Thing, Tiki Torch,

Umbrella Holder, and a Voodoo Doll

Kids’ Stuff (100)

27 Pacifiers, 14 Baby Wipes, 14 Kites, 4 Crayons,

4 Wiffle Balls, 3 Bubble Blow Sticks, 3 Kite String

Spools, 3 Metal Toy Cars, 2 Baby Bottles, 2 Baby

Strollers, 2 Beach Balls, 2 Kiddy Pools, 2 Stuffed

Animals, 2 Super Balls, 2 Toy Soldiers, “Barbie” 2-Car

Garage, “Barbie” Clothes, “Barbie” Doll, “Barbie” Head,

“Barbie” Purse, “Radio Flyer” Wagon, Baby Bottle

Nipple, Baby Doll, Ball of String, Indian Figurine, Lego

Man, Metal Swing, Pom-Pom, Pool Noodle, Rubber

Ducky, Toy Piano, Trophy, and a Water Gun

High Seas (42)

11 Boat Parts, 9 Boat Bumpers, 3 Anchor Chains/

Chains, 2 Boat/Cleaning Brushes, 2 Flares, 2 Life

Preservers & Jackets, 2 Windshields, 5-gallon Bucket

filled with Concrete & Chain, Anchors, Boat Antenna,

Boat Cushion, Boat Door, Rudder, Dock Box, Jet Ski

Steering Wheel, Oar/Paddle, and a Boat Spring Rod

Road Warrior (70)

15 Car Parts, 6 Car Mats, 5 Car Bumpers, 5 Keys,

5 Key Rings, 4 Car Batteries, 4 Cup Holders, 3 Oil

Filters, 2 Headlights, 2 Hub Caps, 2 Spark Plugs,

2 Traffic Cones, 2 Truck Mud Flaps, 2 Windshield

Wipers, Car Air Filter, Car Tail Light, Engine Head,

Gas Cap, Gasket, Metal Springs, Motor, Muffler, Oil

Can, Truck Bed Liner, and a Truck Tailgate

Faking It (27)

15 Plastic Flowers, 7 Plastic Leaves, Plastic Lips,

Plastic Palm Tree, Plastic Plant, Plastic Seahorse Head

and a Plastic Thumb

What’s Up, Doc? (163)

71 “Band Aids,” 33 “Q-tips,” 21 Medicine Bottles/

Containers, 9 Inhalers, 8 Dust/Surgical Masks, 3 Eye

Droppers, 3 Pregnancy Tests, 2 “ACE” Bandages,

2 Medical Braces, Bathroom Medicine Cabinet, Contact

Lens Case, Dentures/Retainers, Diaphragm, Unopened

Condom, Eye Glass Case, Hospital ID Bracelet, IV

Bag, Medical Ampule w/ Yellow Liquid, Package of

Birth Control Foam, and a Specimen Cup

Back to School (503)

259 Pens, 186 Rubber Bands, 41 Pencils, 5 Erasers,

3 Glue Sticks, 3 Trays, 2 Tape Dispensers, Binder,

Paper Clip, School I.D., and a Wooden Desk

What’s Cooking (53)

16 Metal Forks, Knives, & Spoons, 13 Plastic Bowls/

Tupperware, 5 Glass Bowls/Plates/Cups, 3 Tea Bags,

2 Kitchen Knives, 2 Metal Plates, 2 Toasters,

Butter Tray, Cake Decorating Tip/Tubes, Coffee Mug,

Coffee Pot, Freezer, Garlic Press, Ice Tray,

Measuring Cup, Salad Spinner, and a Salt/Pepper


Beauty and the Beach (406)

92 Combs, 73 Hair Scrunchies, 57 Chap/Lip Sticks,

46 Sun & Eye Glasses, 33 Toothbrushes, 27 Barrettes,

18 Brushes, 15 Hair Curlers, 7 Razors, 6 Toothpaste

Tubes, 5 Make-up Kits, 5 Bars of Soap, 4 Nail Files,

4 Wigs, 3 Deodorant Containers, 3 Eyeliners, 3 Nail

Polish Brush/Bottles, 3 Plastic Fingernails, 2 Hair Nets

Gone Fishin’ (24)

8 Fishing Knives, 5 Rubber Lures, 4 Commercial

Fishing Bands, 3 Fishing Rods, 3 Rubber Boots,

2 Metal Fishing Lures, 3 Tackle Boxes, and a Fishing


Thursday, 14 June 2007

Capital to Capital

A list of distances between capital cities that start with the letter C (created using’s Capital to Capital Distance calculator here)

Canberra to Cairo - 14252 km
Cairo to Capetown - 7239 km
Capetown to Copenhagen - 9977 km
Copenhagen to Colombo - 7959 km
Colombo to Conakry - 10257 km
Conakry to Caracas - 5818 km
Caracas to Castries - 752 km
Castries to Canberra - 16180 km

Sunday, 10 June 2007

Things to do at the Snow Village

Snow Village, located in Finland, is created each year in late November from around "a thousand truck loads of snow". It combines accommodation facilities with outdoor features such as slides and sculptures, all "made of nothing but crystallised water." Here is a list of activities on offer at Snow Village.

Weekly Activities

10:00 Two hour snowmobile safari
14:00 15 km huskysafari

10:00 Snowmobile safari to husky farm
17:00 Overnight safari to Snow Village

10:00 A whole day snowmobile safari
17:00 Evening safari to Snow Village

10:00 Reindeer sleigh ride to wilderness
14:00 Two hour snowmobile safari
17:00 Sleigh ride to Snow Village and dinner
17:00 Overnight safari to Snow Village

10:00 A whole day snowmobile safari
14:00 Dog sleigh ride to wilderness 5km
17:00 Evening safari to Snow Village
17:00 Overnight safari to Snow Village

10:00 Snowmobile safari to reindeer farm
14:00 15 km huskysafari
17:00 Evening safari to Snow Village
17:00 Overnight safari to Snow Village

10:00 Snowmobile safarit to husky farm (husky 3 km)
17:00 Overnight safari to Snow Village

Activities available on request

Short reindeer sleigh ride
Moonlight reindeer safari
Two day husky safari
Two day snowmobile safari
Fireworks in the evening events
Arctic disco
Twilight time with shaman
Weddings in Snow Village

Friday, 8 June 2007

Flowers for a Flower Clock

A list of approximate opening and closing times of flowers suitable for making a flower clock. From the BBC website here

0200 Night blooming cereus closes
0500 Morning glories, wild roses
0600 Spotted cat's ear, catmint
0700 African marigold, orange hawkweed, dandelions
0800 Mouse-ear hawkweed, African daisies
0900 Field marigold, gentians, prickly sowthistle closes
1000 Helichrysum, Californium poppy, common nipplewort closes
1100 Star of Bethlehem
1200 Passion flower, goatsbeard, morning glory closes
1300 Chiding pink closes
1400 Scarlet pimpernel closes
1500 Hawkbit closes
1600 'Four o'clock' plant opens, small bindweed closes, Californian poppy closes
1700 White waterlily closes
1800 Evening primrose, moonflower
2000 Daylilies and dandelions close
2100 Flowering tobacco
2200 Night blooming cereus

Fiction's very wealthiest: The Forbes List

Forbes's annual rich list of fiction's very wealthiest for 2006. Aggregate (fictional) net worth? $111 billion. For more details see the website here

Oliver "Daddy" Warbucks
Montgomery Burns
Scrooge McDuck
Richie Rich
Jed Clampett
Mr. Monopoly
Bruce Wayne
Tony Stark
Prince Abakaliki of Nigeria
Thurston Howell III
Willy Wonka
Lucius Malfoy
Tony Montana
Lara Croft